(Bot.), the fruit of Achras Sapota. It is about the size of an ordinary quince, having a rough, brittle, dull brown rind, the flesh being of a dirty yellowish white color, very soft, and deliciously sweet. Called also naseberry. It is eatable only when it begins to be spotted, and is much used in desserts.

(Sa*pog"e*nin) n. [Saponin + -gen + -in.] (Chem.) A white crystalline substance obtained by the decomposition of saponin.

(Sap`o*na"ceous) a. [L. sapo, -onis, soap, of Teutonic origin, and akin to E. soap. See Soap.] Resembling soap; having the qualities of soap; soapy.

Saponaceous bodies are compounds of an acid and a base, and are in reality a kind of salt.

(Sap`o*nac"i*ty) n. The quality or state of being saponaceous.

(Sap"o*na*ry) a. Saponaceous. Boyle.

(Sa*pon*i*fi`a*ble) a. Capable of conversion into soap; as, a saponifiable substance.

(Sa*pon`i*fi*ca"tion) n. [Cf. F. saponification. See Saponify.] The act, process, or result, of soap making; conversion into soap; specifically (Chem.), the decomposition of fats and other ethereal salts by alkalies; as, the saponification of ethyl acetate.

(Sa*pon"i*fi`er) n. (Chem.) That which saponifies; any reagent used to cause saponification.

(Sa*pon"i*fy) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Saponified ; p. pr. & vb. n. Saponifying ] [L. sapo, -onis, soap + -fy: cf. F. saponifier.] To convert into soap, as tallow or any fat; hence (Chem.), to subject to any similar process, as that which ethereal salts undergo in decomposition; as, to saponify ethyl acetate.

(Sap"o*nin) n. [L. sapo, - onis soap: cf. F. saponine.] (Chem.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort in the bark of soap bark etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder, which occasions a soapy lather in solution, and produces a local anæsthesia. Formerly called also struthiin, quillaiin, senegin, polygalic acid, etc. By extension, any one of a group of related bodies of which saponin proper is the type.

(Sap"o*nite) n. [Sw. saponit, fr. L. sapo, -onis, soap.] (Min.) A hydrous silicate of magnesia and alumina. It occurs in soft, soapy, amorphous masses, filling veins in serpentine and cavities in trap rock.

(Sap"o*nul) n. [F. saponule, fr. L. sapo, -onis, soap.] (Old Chem.) A soapy mixture obtained by treating an essential oil with an alkali; hence, any similar compound of an essential oil. [Written also saponule.] [Obs.]

(||Sa"por) n. [L. See Savor.] Power of affecting the organs of taste; savor; flavor; taste.

There is some sapor in all aliments.
Sir T. Browne.

(Sap`o*rif"ic) a. [L. sapor taste + facere to make.] Having the power to produce the sensation of taste; producing taste, flavor, or relish.

(Sap`o*ros"i*ty) n. The quality of a body by which it excites the sensation of taste.

(Sap"o*rous) a. [L. saporus that relishes well, savory, fr. sapor taste.] Having flavor or taste; yielding a taste. [R.] Bailey.

(Sa*po"ta) n. [NL., from Sp. sapote, zapote. See Sapodilla.] (Bot.) The sapodilla.

Sapodilla plum

  By PanEris using Melati.

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