, that branch of surveying which involves the process of ascertaining and representing upon a plane surface the contour, physical features, etc., of any portion of the surface of the earth.

(Sur*vey"or) n.

1. One placed to superintend others; an overseer; an inspector.

Were 't not madness then,
To make the fox surveyor of the fold?

2. One who views and examines for the purpose of ascertaining the condition, quantity, or quality of anything; as, a surveyor of highways, ordnance, etc.

3. One who surveys or measures land; one who practices the art of surveying.

4. (Customs) (a) An officer who ascertains the contents of casks, and the quantity of liquors subject to duty; a gauger. (b) In the United States, an officer whose duties include the various measures to be taken for ascertaining the quantity, condition, and value of merchandise brought into a port. Abbot.

Surveyor general. (a) A principal surveyor; as, the surveyor general of the king's manors, or of woods and parks. [Eng.] (b) An officer having charge of the survey of the public lands of a land district. [U.S.] Davies & PeckSurveyor's compass. See Circumferentor.Surveyor's level. See under Level.

(Sur*vey"or*ship), n. The office of a surveyor.

(Sur*view") v. t. [Pref. sur- + view. Cf. Survey.] To survey; to make a survey of. [Obs.] "To surview his ground." Spenser.

(Sur*view"), n. A survey. [Obs.] Bp. Sanderson.

(Sur*vise") v. t. [See Supervise, and Survey.] To look over; to supervise. [Obs.] B. Jonson.

(Sur*viv"al) n. [From Survive.]

1. A living or continuing longer than, or beyond the existence of, another person, thing, or event; an outliving.

2. (Arhæol. & Ethnol.) Any habit, usage, or belief, remaining from ancient times, the origin of which is often unknown, or imperfectly known.

The close bearing of the doctrine of survival on the study of manners and customs.

Survival of the fittest. (Biol.) See Natural selection, under Natural.

(Sur*viv"ance Sur*viv"an*cy) n. [F. survivance.] Survivorship. [R.]

His son had the survivance of the stadtholdership.
Bp. Burnet.

(Sur*vive") v. t. [imp. & p. p. Survived ; p. pr. & vb. n. Surviving.] [F. survivre, L. supervivere; super over + vivere to live. See Super-, and Victuals.] To live beyond the life or existence of; to live longer than; to outlive; to outlast; as, to survive a person or an event. Cowper.

I'll assure her of
Her widowhood, be it that she survive me,
In all my lands and leases whatsoever.


  By PanEris using Melati.

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