1. (Phonetics) A subtonic sound or element; a vocal consonant, as b, d, g, n, etc.; a subvocal.

2. (Mus.) The seventh tone of the scale, or that immediately below the tonic; — called also subsemitone.

(Sub*tor"rid) a. Nearly torrid.

(Sub*tract") v. t. [imp. & p. p. Subtracted; p. pr. & vb. n. Subtracting.] [L. subtractus, p. p. of subtrahere to draw from beneath, withdraw, remove; sub under + trahere to draw. See Trace, v. t., and cf. Substract.] To withdraw, or take away, as a part from the whole; to deduct; as, subtract 5 from 9, and the remainder is 4.

(Sub*tract"er) n.

1. One who subtracts.

2. The subtrahend. [Obs.]

(Sub*trac"tion) n. [L. subtractio a drawing back. See Subtract, and cf. Substraction.]

1. The act or operation of subtracting or taking away a part.

2. (Math.) The taking of a lesser number or quantity from a greater of the same kind or denomination; an operation for finding the difference between two numbers or quantities.

3. (Law) The withdrawing or withholding from a person of some right to which he is entitled by law.

Thus the subtraction of conjugal rights is when either the husband or wife withdraws from the other and lives separate without sufficient reason. The subtraction of a legacy is the withholding or detailing of it from the legatee by the executor. In like manner, the withholding of any service, rent, duty, or custom, is a subtraction, for which the law gives a remedy. Blackstone.

(Sub*trac"tive) a.

1. Tending, or having power, to subtract.

2. (Math.) Having the negative sign, or sign minus.

(Sub"tra*hend`) n. [L. subtrahendus that is to be subtracted, p.fut.pess. of subtrahere. See Subtract.] (Math.) The sum or number to be subtracted, or taken from another.

(Sub`trans*lu"cent) a. Not perfectly translucent.

(Sub`trans*pa"rent) a. Not perfectly transparent.

(Sub*treas"ur*er) n. The public officer who has charge of a subtreasury. [U. S.]

(Sub*treas"ur*y) n.; pl. Subtreasuries A subordinate treasury, or place of deposit; as, the United States subtreasury at New York. [U. S.]

(Sub`tri*an"gu*lar) a. Nearly, but not perfectly, triangular. Darwin.

(Sub"tribe`) n. (Bot. & Zoöl.) A division of a tribe; a group of genera of a little lower rank than a tribe.

(Sub`tri*he"dral) a. Approaching the form of a three-sided pyramid; as, the subtrihedral crown of a tooth. Owen.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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