Subsoil plow, a plow having a share and standard but no moldboard. It follows in the furrow made by an ordinary plow, and loosens the soil to an additional depth without bringing it to the surface. Knight.

(Sub"soil`), v. t. To turn up the subsoil of.

(Sub*so"la*ry) a. Being under the sun; hence, terrestrial; earthly; mundane. [R.]

(Sub*spe"cies) n. A group somewhat lessdistinct than speciesusually are, but based on characters more important than those which characterize ordinary varieties; often, a geographical variety or race.

(Sub`sphe*noid"al) a. (Anat.) Situated under, or on the ventral side of, the body of the sphenoid bone.

(Sub*spher"ic*al) a. Nearly spherical; having a figure resembling that of a sphere.

(Sub*spi"nous) a. (a) (Anat.) Subvertebral. (b) (Med.) Situated beneath a spinous process, as that of the scapula; as, subspinous dislocation of the humerus.

(Sub"stance) n. [F., fr. L. substantia, fr. substare to be under or present, to stand firm; sub under + stare to stand. See Stand.]

1. That which underlies all outward manifestations; substratum; the permanent subject or cause of phenomena, whether material or spiritual; that in which properties inhere; that which is real, in distinction from that which is apparent; the abiding part of any existence, in distinction from any accident; that which constitutes anything what it is; real or existing essence.

These cooks, how they stamp, and strain, and grind,
And turn substance into accident!

Heroic virtue did his actions guide,
And he the substance, not the appearance, chose.

2. The most important element in any existence; the characteristic and essential components of anything; the main part; essential import; purport.

This edition is the same in substance with the Latin.
Bp. Burnet.

It is insolent in words, in manner; but in substance it is not only insulting, but alarming.

3. Body; matter; material of which a thing is made; hence, substantiality; solidity; firmness; as, the substance of which a garment is made; some textile fabrics have little substance.

Subsistency to Subtepid

(Sub*sist"en*cy) n. Subsistence. [R.]

(Sub*sist"ent) a. [L. subsistens, p. pr. See Subsist.]

1. Having real being; as, a subsistent spirit.

2. Inherent; as, qualities subsistent in matter.

(Sub*si"zar) n. An under sizar; a student of lower rank than a sizar. [Cambridge Univ. Eng.]

Bid my subsizar carry my hackney to the buttery and give him his bever.
J. Fletcher.

(Sub"soil`) n. The bed, or stratum, of earth which lies immediately beneath the surface soil.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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