(Sub"soil`), v. t. To turn up the subsoil of.
(Sub*so"la*ry) a. Being under the sun; hence, terrestrial; earthly; mundane. [R.]
(Sub*spe"cies) n. A group somewhat lessdistinct than speciesusually are, but based on
characters more important than those which characterize ordinary varieties; often, a geographical variety
(Sub`sphe*noid"al) a. (Anat.) Situated under, or on the ventral side of, the body of the
(Sub*spher"ic*al) a. Nearly spherical; having a figure resembling that of a sphere.
(Sub*spi"nous) a. (a) (Anat.) Subvertebral. (b) (Med.) Situated beneath a spinous
process, as that of the scapula; as, subspinous dislocation of the humerus.
(Sub"stance) n. [F., fr. L. substantia, fr. substare to be under or present, to stand firm;
sub under + stare to stand. See Stand.]
1. That which underlies all outward manifestations; substratum; the permanent subject or cause of phenomena,
whether material or spiritual; that in which properties inhere; that which is real, in distinction from that
which is apparent; the abiding part of any existence, in distinction from any accident; that which constitutes
anything what it is; real or existing essence.
These cooks, how they stamp, and strain, and grind,Chaucer.
And turn substance into accident!
Heroic virtue did his actions guide,Dryden.
And he the substance, not the appearance, chose.
2. The most important element in any existence; the characteristic and essential components of anything; the
main part; essential import; purport.
This edition is the same in substance with the Latin.Bp. Burnet.
It is insolent in words, in manner; but in substance it is not only insulting, but alarming.Burke.
3. Body; matter; material of which a thing is made; hence, substantiality; solidity; firmness; as, the substance
of which a garment is made; some textile fabrics have little substance.