(San"tal) n. [Santalum + piperonal.] (Chem.) A colorless crystalline substance, isomeric with
piperonal, but having weak acid properties. It is extracted from sandalwood.
(San`ta*la"ceous) a. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to a natural order of plants of which the
genus Santalum is the type, and which includes the buffalo nut and a few other North American plants,
and many peculiar plants of the southern hemisphere.
(San*tal"ic) a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, sandalwood (Santalum); used
specifically to designate an acid obtained as a resinous or red crystalline dyestuff, which is called also
(San"ta*lin) n. [Cf. F. santaline.] (Chem.) Santalic acid. See Santalic.
(||San"ta*lum) n. [NL. See Sandalwood.] (Bot.) A genus of trees with entire opposite leaves
and small apetalous flowers. There are less than a dozen species, occurring from India to Australia and
the Pacific Islands. See Sandalwood.
(San`tees") n. pl.; sing. Santee (Ethnol.) One of the seven confederated tribes of Indians
belonging to the Sioux, or Dakotas.
(San"ter) v. i. See Saunter.
(||San"ton) n. [Sp. santon, augmented fr. santo holy, L. sanctus.] A Turkish saint; a kind of
dervish, regarded by the people as a saint: also, a hermit.
(San"to*nate) n. (Chem.) A salt of santonic acid.
(San*ton"ic) a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid (distinct from santoninic
acid) obtained from santonin as a white crystalline substance.
(San"to*nin) n. [L. herba santonica, a kind of plant, fr. Santoni a people of Aquitania; cf.
Gr. : cf. F. santonine.] (Chem.) A white crystalline substance having a bitter taste, extracted from
the buds of levant wormseed and used as an anthelmintic. It occassions a peculiar temporary color
blindness, causing objects to appear as if seen through a yellow glass.
(San"to*nin`ate) n. (Chem.) A salt of santoninic acid.
(San`to*nin"ic) a. (Chem.) Of or pertaining to santonin; used specifically to designate an
acid not known in the free state, but obtained in its salts.
(||Sa"o) n. (Zoöl.) Any marine annelid of the genus Hyalinæcia, especially H. tubicola of Europe,
which inhabits a transparent movable tube resembling a quill in color and texture.
(Sap) n. [AS. sæp; akin to OHG. saf, G. saft, Icel. safi; of uncertain origin; possibly akin to L. sapere
to taste, to be wise, sapa must or new wine boiled thick. Cf. Sapid, Sapient.]
1. The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending and descending juices or circulating fluid
essential to nutrition.
The ascending is the crude sap, the assimilation of which takes place in the leaves, when it becomes
the elaborated sap suited to the growth of the plant.
2. The sapwood, or alburnum, of a tree.
3. A simpleton; a saphead; a milksop. [Slang]