Chili salpeter(Chem.), sodium nitrate a white crystalline substance, NaNO3, having a cooling, saline, slightly bitter taste. It is obtained by leaching the soil of the rainless districts of Chili and Peru. It is deliquescent and cannot be used in gunpowder, but is employed in the production of nitric acid. Called also cubic niter.Saltpeter acid(Chem.), nitric acid; — sometimes so called because made from saltpeter.

(Salt`pe"trous) a. [Cf. F. salpêtreux.] Pertaining to saltpeter, or partaking of its qualities; impregnated with saltpeter. [Obs.]

Salt rheum
(Salt" rheum) (Med.) A popular name, esp. in the United States, for various cutaneous eruptions, particularly for those of eczema. See Eczema.

(Salt"wort`) n. (Bot.) A name given to several plants which grow on the seashore, as the Batis maritima, and the glasswort. See Glasswort.

Black saltwort, the sea milkwort.

(Salt"y) a. Somewhat salt; saltish.

(Sa*lu"bri*ous) a. [L. salubris, or saluber, fr. salus health; akin to salvus safe, sound, well. See Safe.] Favorable to health; healthful; promoting health; as, salubrious air, water, or climate.

Syn. — Healthful; wholesome; healthy; salutary.

Sa-lu"bri*ous*ly, adv.Sa*lu"bri*ous*ness, n.

(Salt"ing) n.

1. The act of sprinkling, impregnating, or furnishing, with salt.

2. A salt marsh.

(Sal"tire) n. [F. sautoir, fr. LL. saltatorium a sort of stirrup, fr. L. saltatorius saltatory. See Saltatory, Sally, v.] (Her.) A St. Andrew's cross, or cross in the form of an X, — one of the honorable ordinaries.

(Sal"tire*wise`) adv. (Her.) In the manner of a saltire; — said especially of the blazoning of a shield divided by two lines drawn in the direction of a bend and a bend sinister, and crossing at the center.

(Salt"ish) a. Somewhat salt.Salt"ish*ly, adv. — Salt"ish*ness, n.

(Salt"less), a. Destitute of salt; insipid.

(Salt"ly), adv. With taste of salt; in a salt manner.

(Salt"mouth`) n. A wide-mouthed bottle with glass stopper for holding chemicals, especially crystallized salts.

(Salt"ness) n. The quality or state of being salt, or state of being salt, or impregnated with salt; salt taste; as, the saltness of sea water.

(Salt`pe"ter, Salt`pe"tre), n. [F. salpêtre, NL. sal petrae, literally, rock salt, or stone salt; so called because it exudes from rocks or walls. See Salt, and Petrify.] (Chem.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white crystalline substance, KNO3, having a cooling saline taste, obtained by leaching from certain soils in which it is produced by the process of nitrification It is a strong oxidizer, is the chief constituent of gunpowder, and is also used as an antiseptic in curing meat, and in medicine as a diuretic, diaphoretic, and refrigerant.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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