NELLY to NICOBAR ISLANDS
NELLY, NELE. s. Malayal. nel, rice in the husk; [Tel. and Tam. nelli, rice-like]. This is the Dravidian equivalent of paddy (q.v.), and is often used by the French and Portuguese in South India, where Englishmen use the latter word.
1606. when they sell nele, after they have measured it out to the purchaser, for the seller to return and take out two grains for himself for luck (com superstição), things that are all heathen vanities, which the synod entirely prohibits, and orders that those who practise them shall be severely punished by the Bishop.Gouvea, Synodo, f. 52b.
NELLORE, n.p. A town and district north of Madras. The name may be Tamil. Nall-ur, Good Town. But the local interpretation is from nel (see NELLY); and in the local records it is given in Skt. as Dhanyapuram, meaning rice-town (Seshagiri Sastri). [The Madras Man. (ii. 214) gives Nall-ur, Good-town; but the Gloss. (s.v.) has nellu, paddy, uru, village. Mr. Boswell (Nellore, 687) suggests that it is derived from a nelli chett tree under which a famous lingam was placed.]
c. 1310.Mabar extends in length from Kulam to Niláwar, nearly 300 parasangs along the sea coast.Wassáf, in Elliot, iii. 32.
NERBUDDA R., n.p. Skt. Narmada, causing delight; Ptol. [Greek Text] NamadoV; Peripl. [Greek
Text] LamnaioV (amended by Fabricius to [Greek Text] NammadoV). Dean Vincents conjectured etymology
of Nahr-Budda, River of Budda, is a caution against such guesses. c. 1020.From Dhár southwards
to the R. Nerbadda nine (parasangs); thence to Mahrat-des
Al-Biruni, in Elliot, i. 60. The
reading of Nerbadda is however doubtful.
1606.They all assemble on certain days in the porches of the churches and dine together and this they call nercha.Gouvea, Synodo, f. 63. See also f. 11. This term also includes offerings to saints, or to temples, or particular forms of devotion. Among Hindus a common form is to feed a lamp before an idol with ghee instead of oil.
NERRICK, NERRUCK, NIRK, &c., s. Hind. from Pers. nirkh, vulgarly nirakh, nirikh. A tariff, rate, or
price-current, especially one established by authority. The system of publishing such rates of prices and
wages by local authority prevailed generally in India a generation or two back, and is probably not quite
extinct even in our own territories. [The provincial Gazettes still publish periodical lists of current prices,
but no attempt is made to fix such by authority.] It is still in force in the French settlements, and with no
apparent ill effects. 1799.I have written to Campbell a long letter about the nerrick of exchange, in
which I have endeavoured to explain the principles of the whole system of shroffing (see SHROFF).
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