NIGGER to NIPA
NIGGER, s. It is an old brutality of the Englishman in India to apply this title to the natives, as we may see from Ives quoted below. The use originated, however, doubtless in following the old Portuguese use of negros for the blacks (q.v.), with no malice prepense, without any intended confusion between Africans and Asiatics.
1539.See quot. from Pinto under COBRA DE CAPELLO, where negroes is used for natives of Sumatra.
NILGHERRY, NEILGHERRY, &c., n.p. The name of the Mountain Peninsula at the end of the Mysore
table land (originally known as Malainadu, Hill country), which is the chief site of hill sanataria in the
Madras Presidency. Skt. Nilagiri, Blue Mountain. The name Nila or Niladri (synonymous with Nilagiri)
belongs to one of the mythical or semimythical ranges of the Puranic Cosmography (see Vishnu Purana,
in Wilsons Works, by Hall, ii. 102, 111, &c.), and has been applied to several ranges of more assured
locality, e.g. in Orissa as well as in S. India. The name seems to have been fancifully applied to the
Ootacamund range about 1820, by some European. [The name was undoubtedly applied by natives
to the range before the appearance of Europeans, as in the Kongu-desa Rajákal, quoted by Grigg (Nilagiri
Man. 363), and the name appears in a letter of Col. Mackenzie of about 1816 (Ibid. 278). Mr.
T. M. Horsfall writes : The name is in common use among all classes of natives in S. India, but when
it may have become specific I cannot say. Possibly the solution may be that the Nilgiris being the first
large mountain range to become familiar to the English, that name was by them caught hold of, but not
coined, and stuck to them by mere priority. It is on the face of it improbable that the Englishmen who
early in the last century discovered these Hills, that is, explored and shot over them, would call them by
a long Skt. name.]
One of the English ships was called the Nellegree, the name taken from the Nellegree Hills in Bengal, as I have heard.Dampier, ii. 145.The following also refers to the Orissa Hills :
1752.Weavers of Balasore complain of the great scarcity of rice and provisions of all kinds occasioned by the devastations of the Mahrattas, who, 600 in number, after plundering Balasore, had gone to the Nelligree Hills.In Long, 42.
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