CALEEOON to CALPUTTEE
CALEEOON, CALYOON, s. P. kaliyun, a water-pipe for smoking; the Persian form of the Hubble-Bubble
[1812.A Persian visit, when the guest is a distinguished personage, generally consists of three acts: first,
the kaleoun, or water pipe.
Morier, Journey through Persia, &c., p. 13.]
1828.The elder of the men
met to smoke their calleoons under the shade. The Kuzzilbash, i. 59.
[1880.Kalliúns. See quotation
CALICO, s. Cotton cloth, ordinarily of tolerably fine texture. The word appears in the 17th century sometimes
in the form of Calicut, but possibly this may have been a purism, for calicoe or callico occurs in English
earlier, or at least more commonly in early voyages. [Callaca in 1578, Drapers Dict. p. 42.] The word
may have come to us through the French calicot, which though retaining the t to the eye, does not do
so to the ear. The quotations sufficiently illustrate the use of the word and its origin from Calicut. The
fine cotton stuffs of Malabar are already mentioned by Marco Polo (ii. 379). Possibly they may have
been all brought from beyond the Ghauts, as the Malabar cotton, ripening during the rains, is not usable,
and the cotton stuffs now used in Malabar all come from Madura (see Fryer below; and Terry under
CALICUT). The Germans, we may note, call the turkey Calecutische Hahn, though it comes no more
from Calicut than it does from Turkey. [See TURKEY.]
1579.3 great and large Canowes, in each whereof were certaine of the greatest personages that
were about him, attired all of them in white Lawne, or cloth of Calecut. Drake, World Encompassed,
Hak. Soc. 139.
1591.The commodities of the shippes that come from Bengala bee
cloth, Pintados, and Rice.Barkers Lancaster, in Hakl. ii. 592.
1592.The calicos were book-calicos,
calico launes, broad white calicos, fine starched calicos, coarse white calicos, browne coarse calicos.Desc.
of the Great Carrack Madre de Dios.
1602.And at his departure gaue a robe, and a Tucke of
Calico wrought with gold. Lancasters Voyage, in Purchas, i. 153.
1604.It doth appear by the
abbreviate of the Accounts sent home out of the Indies, that there remained in the hands of the Agent,
Master Starkey, 482 fardels of Calicos.In Middletons Voyage, Hak. Soc. App. iii. 13.
I can fit you,
gentlemen, with fine callicoes too, for doublets; the only sweet fashion now, most delicate and courtly: a
meek gentle callico, cut upon two double affable taffatas; all most neat, feat, and unmatchable.Dekker,
The Honest Whore, Act. II. Sc. v.
about their loynes they (the Javanese) weare a kind of Callico-
cloth. Edm. Scot, ibid. 165.
1608.They esteem not so much of money as of Calecut clothes,
Pintados, and such like stuffs.Iohn Davis, ibid. 136.
1612.Calico copboord claiths, the piece
and Valuatiouns, &c. (Scotland), p. 294.
inhabited by Moores trading with
the Maine, and other three Easterne Ilands with their Cattell and fruits, for Callicoes or other linnen to
cover them.Sir T. Roe, in Purchas; [with some verbal differences in Hak. Soc. i. 17].
tela delicata Indica. H. Calicúd, dicta à Calecút, Indiae regione ubi conficitur.Minsheu, 2nd ed., s.v.
Commodities are Calicuts, white and painted.Fryer, 34.
Calecut for Spice
and no Cloath,
though it give the name of Calecut to all in India, it being the first Port from whence they are known
to be brought into Europe.Ibid. 86.
1707.The Governor lays before the Council the insolent action
of Captain Leaton, who on Sunday last marched part of his company
over the Companys Calicoes
that lay a dyeing.Minute in Wheeler, ii. 48.
1720.Act 7 Geo. I. cap. vii. An Act to preserve and
encourage the woollen and silk manufacture of this kingdom, and for more effectual employing of the
Poor, by prohibiting the Use and Wear of all printed, painted, stained or dyed Callicoes in Apparel,
Household Stuff, Furniture, or otherwise.
Stat. at Large, v. 229.
Like Iris bow down darts the painted clue,
Starred, striped, and spotted, yellow, red, and blue,
torn silk, and muslin new.
Rejected Addresses (Crabbe).
CALICUT, n.p. In the Middle Ages the chief city, and one of the chief ports of Malabar, and the residence
of the Zamorin (q.v.). The name Kolikodu is said to mean the Cock-Fortress. [Logan (Man. Malabar,