CALUAT, s. This in some old travels is used for Ar. khilwat, ‘privacy, a private interview’ (C.P. Brown, MS.).

1404.—“And this Garden they call Talicia, and in their tongue they call it Calbet.”— Clavijo, § cix. Comp. Markham, 130.

[1670.—“Still deeper in the square is the third tent, called Caluet-Kane, the retired spot, or the place of the privy Council.”— Bernier, ed. Constable, 361.]

1822.—“I must tell you what a good fellow the little Raja of Tallaca is. When I visited him we sat on two musnads without exchanging one single word, in a very respectable durbar; but the moment we retired to a Khilwut the Raja produced his Civil and Criminal Register, and his Minute of demands, collections and balances for the 1st quarter, and began explaining the state of his country as eagerly as a young Collector.”—Elphinstone, in Life, ii. 144.

[1824.—“The khelwet or private room in which the doctor was seated.”—Hajji Baba, p. 87.]

CALUETE, CALOETE, s. The punishment of impalement; Malayal. kaluekki (pron. etti). [See IMPALE.]

1510.—“The said wood is fixed in the middle of the back of the malefactor, and passes through his body … this torture is called ‘uncalvet.’ ”—Varthema, 147.

1582.—“The Capitaine General for to encourage them the more, commanded before them all to pitch a long staffe in the ground, the which was made sharp at ye one end. The same among the Malabars is called Calvete, upon ye which they do execute justice of death, unto the poorest or vilest people of the country.”—Castañeda, tr. by N. L., ff. 142v, 143.

1606.—“The Queen marvelled much at the thing, and to content them she ordered the sorcerer to be delivered over for punishment, and to be set on the caloete, which is a very sharp stake fixed firmly in the ground …” &c.—Gouvea, f. 47v; see also f. 163.

CALYAN, n.p. The name of more than one city of fame in W. and S. India; Skt. Kalyana, ‘beautiful, noble, propitious.’ One of these is the place still known as Kalyan, on the Ulas river, more usually called by the name of the city, 33 m. N.E. of Bombay. This is a very ancient port, and is probably the one mentioned by Cosmas below. It appears as the residence of a donor in an inscription on the Kanheri caves in Salsette (see Fergusson and Burgess, p. 349). Another Kalyana was the capital of the Ch alukyas of the Deccan in the 9th-12th centuries. This is in the Nizam’s district of Naldrug, about 40 miles E.N.E. of the fortress called by that name. A third Kalyana was a port of Canara, between Mangalore and Kundapur, in lat. 13° 28 or thereabouts, on the same river as Bacanore (q.v.). [This is apparently the place which Tavernier (ed. Ball, ii. 206) calls Callian Bondi or Kalyan Bandar.] The quotations refer to the first Calyan.

c. A.D. 80–90.—“The local marts which occur in order after Barygaza are Akabaru, Suppara, Kalliena, a city which was raised to the rank of a regular mart in the time of Saraganes, but, since Sandanes became its master, its trade has been put under restrictions; for if Greek vessels, even by accident, enter its ports, a guard is put on board, and they are taken to Barygaza.”—Periplus, § 52.

c. A.D. 545.—“And the most notable places of trade are these: Sindu, Orrhotha, Kalliana, Sibor.…”—Cosmas, in Cathay, &c., p. clxxviii.

1673.—“On both sides are placed stately Aldeas, and dwellings of the Portugal Fidalgos; till on the Right, within a Mile or more of Gullean, they yield possession to the neighbouring Seva Gi, at which City (the key this way into that Rebel’s Country), Wind and Tide favouring us, we landed.”—Fryer, p. 123.

1825.—“ Near Candaulah is a waterfall…its stream winds to join the sea, nearly opposite to Tannah, under the name of the Callianee river.”—Heber, ii. 137.

Prof. Forchhammer has lately described the great remains of a Pagoda and other buildings with inscriptions, near the city of Pegu, called Kalyani.

CAMBAY, n.p. Written by Mahommedan writers Kanbayat, sometimes Kinbayat. According to Col. Tod, the original Hindu name was Khambavati, ‘City of the Pillar’; [the Mad. Admin. Man. Gloss. gives stambha-tirtha, ‘sacred pillar pool’]. Long a very famous port of Guzerat, at the head of the Gulf to which it gives its name. Under the Mahommedan Kings of Guzerat it was one of their chief residences, and they are often called Kings of Cambay. Cambay is still a feudatory State under a Nawab. The place is

  By PanEris using Melati.

Previous chapter Back Home Email this Search Discuss Bookmark Next chapter/page
Copyright: All texts on Bibliomania are © Ltd, and may not be reproduced in any form without our written permission.
See our FAQ for more details.