||Viola da braccio[It., viol for the arm], the tenor viol, or viola, a fifth lower than the violin. Its part is written in the alto clef, hence it is sometimes called the alto.||Viola da gamba[It., viol for the leg], an instrument resembling the viola, but larger, and held between the knees. It is now rarely used. ||Viola da spalla[It., viol for the shoulder], an instrument formerly used, resembling the viola, and intermediate in size between the viola and the viola da gamba.||Viola di amore[It., viol of love: cf. F. viole d'amour], a viol, larger than the viola, having catgut strings upon, and brass or steel wires under, the keyboard. These, sounding sympathetically with the strings, yield a peculiarly soft and silvery sound. It is now seldom used.

(Vi"o*la*ble) a. [L. violabilis: cf. F. violable. See Violate.] Capable of being violated, broken, or injured.Vi"o*la*bly, adv.

(Vi`o*la"ceous) a. [L. violaceus, fr. viola a violet.]

1. Resembling violets in color; bluish purple.

2. (Bot.) Of or pertaining to a natural order of plants, of which the violet is the type. It contains about twenty genera and two hundred and fifty species.

(Vi`o*lan"i*line) n. [Violet + aniline.] (Chem.) A dyestuff of the induline group, made from aniline, and used as a substitute for indigo in dyeing wool and silk a violet-blue or a gray-blue color.

(Vi`o*lan"tin) n. [See Violuric.] (Chem.) A complex nitrogenous substance, produced as a yellow crystalline substance, and regarded as a complex derivative of barbituric acid.

(Vi`o*la*quer"cit*rin) n. (Chem.) A yellow crystalline glucoside obtained from the pansy (Viola tricolor), and decomposing into glucose and quercitrin.

(Vint"ry) n. [OE. viniterie, from OF. vinotier, vinetier, wine merchant. See Vintner.] A place where wine is sold. [Obs.] Ainsworth.

(Vin"y) a. Of or pertaining to vines; producing, or abounding in, vines. P. Fletcher.

(Vi"nyl) n. [L. vinum wine + - yl.] (Chem.) The hypothetical radical C2H3, regarded as the characteristic residue of ethylene and that related series of unsaturated hydrocarbons with which the allyl compounds are homologous.

(Vi"ol) n. [F. viole; cf. Pr. viola, viula, Sp., Pg., & It. viola, LL. vitula; of uncertain origin; perhaps from L. vitulari to celebrate a festival, keep holiday, be joyful, perhaps originally, to sacrifice a calf Cf. Fiddle, Vielle, 2d Viola, Violin.]

1. (Mus.) A stringed musical instrument formerly in use, of the same form as the violin, but larger, and having six strings, to be struck with a bow, and the neck furnished with frets for stopping the strings.

Me softer airs befit, and softer strings
Of lute, or viol still, more apt for mournful things.

The name is now applied as a general term to designate instruments of the violin kind, as tenor viol, bass viol, etc.

2. (Naut.) A large rope sometimes used in weighing anchor. [Written also voyal, and voyal.] Totten.

(||Vi"o*la) n. [L., a violet. See Violet.] (Bot.) A genus of polypetalous herbaceous plants, including all kinds of violets.

(Vi"o*la) n. [It. See Viol.] (Mus.) An instrument in form and use resembling the violin, but larger, and a fifth lower in compass.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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