Vineal to Violoncello
(Vi"ne*al) a. [L. vinealis.] Of or pertaining to vines; containing vines. [R.] Sir T. Browne.
(Vine"-clad`) a. Covered with vines.
(Vined) a. Having leaves like those of the vine; ornamented with vine leaves. "Vined and figured
columns." Sir H. Wotton.
(Vine"dress`er) n. One who cultivates, prunes, or cares for, grapevines; a laborer in a vineyard.
The sons of the shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers.Isa. lxi. 5.
(Vin"e*gar) n. [OE. vinegre, F. vinaigre; vin wine (L. vinum) + aigre sour. See Wine, and
1. A sour liquid used as a condiment, or as a preservative, and obtained by the spontaneous (acetous)
fermentation, or by the artificial oxidation, of wine, cider, beer, or the like.
The characteristic sourness of vinegar is due to acetic acid, of which it contains from three to five per
cent. Wine vinegar contains also tartaric acid, citric acid, etc.
2. Hence, anything sour; used also metaphorically.
Here's the challenge: . . . I warrant there's vinegar and pepper in't.Shak. Aromatic vinegar, strong acetic acid highly flavored with aromatic substances. Mother of vinegar.
See 4th Mother. Radical vinegar, acetic acid. Thieves' vinegar. See under Thief. Vinegar
eel (Zoöl.), a minute nematode worm (Leptodera oxophila, or Anguillula acetiglutinis), commonly found
in great numbers in vinegar, sour paste, and other fermenting vegetable substances; called also vinegar
worm. Vinegar lamp (Chem.), a fanciful name of an apparatus designed to oxidize alcohol to acetic
acid by means of platinum. Vinegar plant. See 4th Mother. Vinegar tree (Bot.), the stag-
horn sumac (Rhus typhina), whose acid berries have been used to intensify the sourness of vinegar.
Wood vinegar. See under Wood.
(Vin"e*gar), v. t. To convert into vinegar; to make like vinegar; to render sour or sharp. [Obs.]
Hoping that he hath vinegared his sensesB. Jonson.
As he was bid.
(Vin`e*gar*ette") n. See Vinaigrette, n., 2.
(Vin"e*gar*y) a. Having the nature of vinegar; sour; unamiable.
(Vin"er) n. A vinedresser. [Obs.]
1. A vineyard. [Obs.] "The vinery of Ramer." Fabyan.
2. A structure, usually inclosed with glass, for rearing and protecting vines; a grapery.
(Vi*nette") n. [Cf. Vignette.] A sprig or branch. [Archaic] Halliwell.
(Vin"ewed) a. Same as Vinnewed.
(Vine"yard) n. [For OE. winyard, AS. wingeard; influenced by E. vine. See Wine, and Yard
an inclosure.] An inclosure or yard for grapevines; a plantation of vines producing grapes.
(Vine"yard*ist), n. One who cultivates a vineyard.