(Span"iard) n. A native or inhabitant of Spain.
(Span"iel) n. [OF. espagneul, F. épagneul, espagnol Spanish, Sp. españnol, fr. España Spain,
from L. Hispania.]
1. (Zoöl.) One of a breed of small dogs having long and thick hair and large drooping ears. The legs
are usually strongly feathered, and the tail bushy. See Illust. under Clumber, and Cocker.
There are several varieties of spaniels, some of which, known as field spaniels, are used in hunting; others
are used for toy or pet dogs, as the Blenheim spaniel, and the King Charles spaniel Of the field spaniels,
the larger kinds are called springers, and to these belong the Sussex, Norfolk, and Clumber spaniels
The smaller field spaniels, used in hunting woodcock, are called cocker spaniels Field spaniels are
remarkable for their activity and intelligence.
As a spaniel she will on him leap.Chaucer.
2. A cringing, fawning person. Shak.
(Span"iel) a. Cringing; fawning. Shak.
(Span"iel), v. i. To fawn; to cringe; to be obsequious. [R.] Churchill.
(Span"iel), v. t. To follow like a spaniel. [R.]
Spanish bayonet (Bot.), a liliaceous plant (Yucca alorifolia) with rigid spine-tipped leaves. The name is
also applied to other similar plants of the Southwestern United States and mexico. Called also Spanish
daggers. Spanish bean (Bot.) See the Note under Bean. Spanish black, a black pigment
obtained by charring cork. Ure. Spanish broom (Bot.), a leguminous shrub (Spartium junceum)
having many green flexible rushlike twigs. Spanish brown, a species of earth used in painting,
having a dark reddish brown color, due to the presence of sesquioxide of iron. Spanish buckeye
(Bot.), a small tree (Ungnadia speciosa) of Texas, New Mexico, etc., related to the buckeye, but having
pinnate leaves and a three-seeded fruit. Spanish burton (Naut.), a purchase composed of two
single blocks. A double Spanish burton has one double and two single blocks. Luce Spanish
chalk (Min.), a kind of steatite; so called because obtained from Aragon in Spain. Spanish cress
(Bot.), a cruciferous plant (lepidium Cadamines), a species of peppergrass. Spanish curiew (Zoöl.),
the long-billed curlew. [U.S.] Spanish daggers (Bot.) See Spanish bayonet. Spanish elm
(Bot.), a large West Indian tree (Cordia Gerascanthus) furnishing hard and useful timber. Spanish
feretto, a rich reddish brown pigment obtained by calcining copper and sulphur together in closed crucibles.
Spanish flag (Zoöl.), the California rockfish It is conspicuously colored with bands of red and white.
Spanish fly (Zoöl.), a brilliant green beetle, common in the south of Europe, used for raising blisters.
See Blister beetle under Blister, and Cantharis. Spanish fox (Naut.), a yarn twisted against its
lay. Spanish grass. (Bot.) See Esparto. Spanish juice (Bot.), licorice. Spanish leather.
See Cordwain. Spanish mackerel. (Zoöl.) (a) A species of mackerel (Scomber colias) found both
in Europe and America. In America called chub mackerel, big-eyed mackerel, and bull mackerel. (b)
In the United States, a handsome mackerel having bright yellow round spots (Scomberomorus maculatus),
highly esteemed as a food fish. The name is sometimes erroneously applied to other species. See
Illust. under Mackerel. Spanish main, the name formerly given to the southern portion of the Caribbean
Sea, together with the contiguous coast, embracing the route traversed by Spanish treasure ships from
the New to the Old World. Spanish moss. (Bot.) See Tillandsia. Spanish needles (Bot.),
a composite weed (Bidens bipinnata) having achenia armed with needlelike awns. Spanish nut
(Bot.), a bulbous plant (Iris Sisyrinchium) of the south of Europe. Spanish potato (Bot.), the sweet
potato. See under Potato. Spanish red, an ocherous red pigment resembling Venetian red, but
slightly yellower and warmer. Fairholt. Spanish reef (Naut.), a knot tied in the head of a jib-headed
(Span"ish) a. Of or pertaining to Spain or the Spaniards.