(Es*pal"ier) n. [F. espalier, fr. It. spalliera, fr. spalla shoulder, the same word as F. épaule. See Epaulet.] (Hort.) A railing or trellis upon which fruit trees or shrubs are trained, as upon a wall; a tree or row of trees so trained.

And figs from standard and espalier join.

(Es*pal"ier), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Espaliered ; p. pr. & vb. n. Espaliering.] To form an espalier of, or to protect by an espalier.

(Es*par"cet) n. [F. esparcet, esparcette, éparcet, fr. Sp. esparceta, esparcilla.] (Bot.) The common sainfoin an Old World leguminous forage plant.

(||Es*par"to) n. [Sp.; cf. L. spartum Spanish broom, Gr. .] (Bot.) A species of Spanish grass of which cordage, shoes, baskets, etc., are made. It is also used for making paper.

(||Es`pau`liere") n. [OF. & F. épaulière. See Espalier.] A defense for the shoulder, composed of flexible overlapping plates of metal, used in the 15th century; — the origin of the modern epaulette. Fairholt.

(Es*pe"cial) a. [OF. especial, F. spécial, L. specialis, fr. species a particular sort, kind, or quality. See Species, and cf. Special.] Distinguished among others of the same class or kind; special; concerning a species or a single object; principal; particular; as, in an especial manner or degree.

Syn. — Peculiar; special; particular; uncommon; chief. See Peculiar.

(Es*pe"cial*ly), adv. In an especial manner; chiefly; particularly; peculiarly; in an uncommon degree.

(Es*pe"cial*ness) n. The state of being especial.

(Es"pe*rance) n. [F. espérance, fr. L. sperans, p. pr. of sperare to hope.] Hope. [Obs.] Shak.

(||Es`pi*aille") n. Espial. [Obs.]

(Es*pi"al) n. [OE. & Norm. F. espiaille. See Espy.]

1. The act of espying; notice; discovery.

Screened from espial by the jutting cape.

2. One who espies; a spy; a scout. [Obs.] "Their espials . . . brought word." Holland.

(Es*pi"er) n. One who espies. Harmar.

(Es"pi*nel) n. A kind of ruby. See Spinel.

(Es"pi*o*nage) n. [F. espionnage, fr. espionner to spy, fr. espion spy, OF. espie. See Espy.] The practice or employment of spies; the practice of watching the words and conduct of others, to make discoveries, as spies or secret emissaries; secret watching.

(Es`pla*nade") n. [F. esplanade, Sp. esplanada, explanada, cf. It. spianata; fr. Sp. explanar to level, L. explanare to flatten or spread out. See Explain.]

1. (Fort.) (a) A clear space between a citadel and the nearest houses of the town. Campbell (b) The glacis of the counterscarp, or the slope of the parapet of the covered way toward the country.

  By PanEris using Melati.

Previous chapter/page Back Home Email this Search Discuss Bookmark Next chapter/page
Copyright: All texts on Bibliomania are © Ltd, and may not be reproduced in any form without our written permission. See our FAQ for more details.