Potassoxyl to Pottle
(Pot`ass*ox"yl) n. [Potassium + oxygen + -yl.] (Chem.) The radical KO, derived from, and
supposed to exist in, potassium hydroxide and other compounds.
(Po*ta"tion) n. [L. potatio, fr. potare. See Potable.]
1. The act of drinking. Jer. Taylor.
2. A draught. "Potations pottle deep." Shak.
3. Drink; beverage. "Thin potations." Shak.
Potato beetle, Potato bug. (Zoöl.) (a) A beetle (Doryphora decemlineata) which feeds, both in the
larval and adult stages, upon the leaves of the potato, often doing great damage. Called also Colorado
potato beetle, and Doryphora. See Colorado beetle. (b) The Lema trilineata, a smaller and more
slender striped beetle which feeds upon the potato plant, bur does less injury than the preceding species.
Potato fly (Zoöl.), any one of several species of blister beetles infesting the potato vine. The black
species the striped (L. vittata), and the gray (L. cinerea, or Fabricii) are the most common. See Blister
beetle, under Blister. Potato rot, a disease of the tubers of the potato, supposed to be caused
by a kind of mold (Peronospora infestans), which is first seen upon the leaves and stems. Potato
weevil (Zoöl.), an American weevil (Baridius trinotatus) whose larva lives in and kills the stalks of potato
vines, often causing serious damage to the crop. Potato whisky, a strong, fiery liquor, having a
hot, smoky taste, and rich in amyl alcohol (fusel oil); it is made from potatoes or potato starch. Potato
worm (Zoöl.), the large green larva of a sphinx, or hawk moth (Macrosila quinquemaculata); called
also tomato worm. See Illust. under Tomato. Seaside potato (Bot.), Ipoma Pes-Capræ, a kind of
morning-glory with rounded and emarginate or bilobed leaves. [West Indies] Sweet potato (Bot.),
a climbing plant (Ipoma Balatas) allied to the morning-glory. Its farinaceous tubers have a sweetish
taste, and are used, when cooked, for food. It is probably a native of Brazil, but is cultivated extensively
in the warmer parts of every continent, and even as far north as New Jersey. The name potato was
applied to this plant before it was to the Solanum tuberosum, and this is the "potato" of the Southern
United States. Wild potato. (Bot.) (a) A vine (Ipoma pandurata) having a pale purplish flower and
an enormous root. It is common in sandy places in the United States. (b) A similar tropical American
plant (I. fastigiata) which it is thought may have been the original stock of the sweet potato.
(Po*ta"to) n.; pl. Potatoes [Sp. patata potato, batata sweet potato, from the native American
name (probably batata) in Hayti.] (Bot.) (a) A plant (Solanum tuberosum) of the Nightshade family,
and its esculent farinaceous tuber, of which there are numerous varieties used for food. It is native of
South America, but a form of the species is found native as far north as New Mexico. (b) The sweet
(Po*ta"tor) n. [L.] A drinker. [R.] Southey.
(Po"ta*to*ry) a. [L. potatorius, from potare to drink.] Of or pertaining to drinking. Ld. Lytton.
(Pot"-bel`lied) a. Having a protuberant belly, like the bottom of a pot.
(Pot"-bel`ly) n. A protuberant belly.
(Pot"boil`er) n. A term applied derisively to any literary or artistic work, and esp. a painting,
done simply for money and the means of living. [Cant]
(Pot"boy`) n. A boy who carries pots of ale, beer, etc.; a menial in a public house.
(Potch) v. i. [Cf. Poach to stab.] To thrust; to push. [Obs.] "I 'll potch at him some way." Shak.
(Potch), v. t. See Poach, to cook. [Obs.] Wiseman.
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