Seneca grass(Bot.), holy grass. See under Holy.Seneca eil, petroleum or naphtha.Seneca root, or Seneca snakeroot(Bot.), the rootstock of an American species of milkworth (Polygala Senega) having an aromatic but bitter taste. It is often used medicinally as an expectorant and diuretic, and, in large doses, as an emetic and cathartic. [Written also Senega root, and Seneka root.]

(||Se*ne"ci*o) n. [L., groundsel, lit., an old man. So called in allusion to the hoary appearance of the pappus.] (Bot.) A very large genus of composite plants including the groundsel and the golden ragwort.

(Se*nec"ti*tude) n. [L. senectus aged, old age, senex old.] Old age. [R.] "Senectitude, weary of its toils." H. Miller.

(Sen"e*ga) n. (Med.) Seneca root.

(Sen"e*gal) n. Gum senegal. See under Gum.

(Sen"e*gin) n. (Med. Chem.) A substance extracted from the rootstock of the Polygala Senega and probably identical with polygalic acid.

(Se*nes"cence) n. [See Senescent.] The state of growing old; decay by time.

(Se*nes"cent) a. [L. senescent, p. pr. of senescere to grow old, incho. fr. senere to be old.] Growing old; decaying with the lapse of time. "The night was senescent." Poe. "With too senescent air." Lowell.

(Sen"es*chal) n. [OF. seneschal, LL. seniscalcus, of Teutonic origin; cf. Goth. sineigs old, skalks, OHG. scalch, AS. scealc. Cf. Senior, Marshal.] An officer in the houses of princes and dignitaries, in the Middle Ages, who had the superintendence of feasts and domestic ceremonies; a steward. Sometimes the seneschal had the dispensing of justice, and was given high military commands.

Then marshaled feast
Served up in hall with sewers and seneschale.

Philip Augustus, by a famous ordinance in 1190, first established royal courts of justice, held by the officers called baitiffs, or seneschals, who acted as the king's lieutenants in his demains.

(Sen"es*chal*ship), n. The office, dignity, or jurisdiction of a seneschal.

(Senge) v. t. To singe. [Obs.] Chaucer.

(Sen"green) n.[AS. singrne, properly, evergreen, fr. sin (in composition) always + grëne green; akin to OHG. sin- ever, L. semper.] (Bot.) The houseleek.

(Se"nile) a. [L. senilis, from senex, gen. senis, old, an old man: cf. F. sénile. See Senior.] Of or pertaining to old age; proceeding from, or characteristic of, old age; affected with the infirmities of old age; as, senile weakness. "Senile maturity of judgment." Boyle.

(Sen"dal) n. [OF. cendal (cf. Pr. & Sp. cendal, It. zendale), LL. cendallum, Gr. a fine Indian cloth.] A light thin stuff of silk. [Written also cendal, and sendal.] Chaucer.

Wore she not a veil of twisted sendal embroidered with silver?
Sir W. Scott.

(Send"er) n. One who sends. Shak.

(Sen"e*cas) n. pl.; sing. Seneca (Ethnol.) A tribe of Indians who formerly inhabited a part of Western New York. This tribe was the most numerous and most warlike of the Five Nations.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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