common in salt marshes. Its root is powerfully astringent, and is sometimes used in medicine. Called
also sea lavender. Marsh samphire (Bot.), a plant (Salicornia herbacea) found along seacoasts.
See Glasswort. Marsh St. John's-wort (Bot.), an American herb (Elodes Virginica) with small
opposite leaves and flesh-colored flowers. Marsh tea. (Bot.). Same as Labrador tea. Marsh
trefoil. (Bot.) Same as Buckbean. Marsh wren (Zoöl.), any species of small American wrens of
the genus Cistothorus, and allied genera. They chiefly inhabit salt marshes.
(Mar"shal) n. [OE. mareschal, OF. mareschal, F. maréchal, LL. mariscalcus, from OHG. marah-
scalc (G. marschall); marah horse + scalc servant (akin to AS. scealc, Goth. skalks). F. maréchal
signifies, a marshal, and a farrier. See Mare horse, and cf. Seneschal.]
1. Originally, an officer who had the care of horses; a groom. [Obs.]
2. An officer of high rank, charged with the arrangement of ceremonies, the conduct of operations, or
the like; as, specifically: (a) One who goes before a prince to declare his coming and provide entertainment; a
harbinger; a pursuivant. (b) One who regulates rank and order at a feast or any other assembly, directs
the order of procession, and the like. (c) The chief officer of arms, whose duty it was, in ancient times,
to regulate combats in the lists. Johnson. (d) (France) The highest military officer. In other countries
of Europe a marshal is a military officer of high rank, and called field marshal. (e) (Am. Law) A ministerial
officer, appointed for each judicial district of the United States, to execute the process of the courts of
the United States, and perform various duties, similar to those of a sheriff. The name is also sometimes
applied to certain police officers of a city.
Earl marshal of England, the eighth officer of state; an honorary title, and personal, until made hereditary
in the family of the Duke of Norfolk. During a vacancy in the office of high constable, the earl marshal
has jurisdiction in the court of chivalry. Brande & C. Earl marshal of Scotland, an officer who had
command of the cavalry under the constable. This office was held by the family of Keith, but forfeited
by rebellion in 1715. Knight marshal, or Marshal of the King's house, formerly, in England, the
marshal of the king's house, who was authorized to hear and determine all pleas of the Crown, to punish
faults committed within the verge, etc. His court was called the Court of Marshalsea. Marshal of
the Queen's Bench, formerly the title of the officer who had the custody of the Queen's bench prison
in Southwark. Mozley & W.
(Mar"shal), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Marshaled or Marshalled; p. pr. & vb. n. Marshaling or Marshalling.]
1. To dispose in order; to arrange in a suitable manner; as, to marshal troops or an army.
And marshaling the heroes of his nameDryden.
As, in their order, next to light they came.
2. To direct, guide, or lead.
Thou marshalest me the way that I was going.Shak.
3. (Her.) To dispose in due order, as the different quarterings on an escutcheon, or the different crests
when several belong to an achievement.
(Mar"shal*er) n. [Written also marshaller.] One who marshals.
(Mar"shal*ing), n. [Written also marshalling.]
1. The act of arranging in due order.
2. (Her.) The arrangement of an escutcheon to exhibit the alliances of the owner.
Marshaling of assets (Law), the arranging or ranking of assets in due order of administration.