Scaphoid bone (a) One of the carpal bones, which articulates with the radius; the radiale. (b) One of the tarsal bones; the navicular bone. See under Navicular.

(Scaph`o*lu"nar) a. [Scaphoid + lunar.] (Anat.) Of or pertaining to the scaphoid and lunar bones of the carpus.n. The scapholunar bone.

Scapholunar bone, a bone formed by the coalescence of the scaphoid and lunar in the carpus of carnivora.

(||Sca*phop"o*da) n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ska`fh a boat + -poda.] (Zoöl.) A class of marine cephalate Mollusca having a tubular shell open at both ends, a pointed or spadelike foot for burrowing, and many long, slender, prehensile oral tentacles. It includes Dentalium, or the tooth shells, and other similar shells. Called also Prosopocephala, and Solenoconcha.

(Sca"pi*form) a. (Bot.) Resembling a scape, or flower stem.

(Scap"o*lite) n. [Gr. a staff, or L. scapus a stem, stalk + -lite: cf. F. scapolite.] (Mon.) A grayish white mineral occuring in tetragonal crystals and in cleavable masses. It is essentially a silicate of alumina and soda.

The scapolite group includes scapolite proper, or wernerite, also meionite, dipyre, etc.

(Scap"ple) v. t. [Cf. OF. eskapeler, eschapler, to cut, hew, LL. scapellare. Cf. Scabble.] (a) To work roughly, or shape without finishing, as stone before leaving the quarry. (b) To dress in any way short of fine tooling or rubbing, as stone. Gwilt.

(Scap"u*la) n.; pl. L. Scapulæ E. Scapulas [L.]

(Scape"-wheel`) n. (Horol.) The wheel in an escapement (as of a clock or a watch) into the teeth of which the pallets play.

(Sca*phan"der) n. [Gr. anything hollowed + a man: cf. F. scaphandre.] The case, or impermeable apparel, in which a diver can work while under water.

(Scaph"ism) n. [Gr. ska`fh a trough.] An ancient mode of punishing criminals among the Persians, by confining the victim in a trough, with his head and limbs smeared with honey or the like, and exposed to the sun and to insects until he died.

(Scaph"ite) n. [L. scapha a boat, fr. Gr. ska`fh a boat, anything dug or scooped out, fr. ska`ptein to dig.] (Paleon.) Any fossil cephalopod shell of the genus Scaphites, belonging to the Ammonite family and having a chambered boat-shaped shell. Scaphites are found in the Cretaceous formation.

(Scaph`o*ce*phal"ic) a. (Anat.) Of, pertaining to, or affected with, scaphocephaly.

(Scaph`o*ceph"a*ly) n. [Gr. ska`fh a boat + kefalh` head.] (Anat.) A deformed condition of the skull, in which the vault is narrow, elongated, and more or less boat-shaped.

(Scaph`o*ce"rite) n. [Gr. ska`fh boat + E. cerite.] (Zoöl.) A flattened plate or scale attached to the second joint of the antennæ of many Crustacea.

(Sca*phog"na*thite) n. [Gr. ska`fh boat + gna`qos jaw.] (Zoöl.) A thin leafike appendage (the exopodite) of the second maxilla of decapod crustaceans. It serves as a pumping organ to draw the water through the gill cavity.

(Scaph"oid) a. [Gr. ska`fh a boat + -oid: cf. F. scaphoïde.] (Anat.) Resembling a boat in form; boat-shaped.n. The scaphoid bone.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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