Saker to Salify
(Sa"ker) n. [F. sacre either fr. L. sacer sacred, holy, as a translation of Gr. "ie`rax falcon, from
"iero`s holy, or more probably from Ar. çaqr hawk.] [Written also sacar, sacre.]
1. (Zoöl.) (a) A falcon (Falco sacer) native of Southern Europe and Asia, closely resembling the lanner.
The female is called chargh, and the male charghela, or sakeret.
(b) The peregrine falcon. [Prov. Eng.]
2. (Mil.) A small piece of artillery. Wilhelm.
On the bastions were planted culverins and sakers.Macaulay.
The culverins and sakers showing their deadly muzzles over the rampart.Hawthorne.
(Sa"ker*et) n. [F. sacret. See Saker.] (Zoöl.) The male of the saker (a).
(Sa"ki) n. [Cf. F. & Pg. saki; probably from the native name.] (Zoöl.) Any one of several species
of South American monkeys of the genus Pithecia. They have large ears, and a long hairy tail which is
The black saki the white-headed and the red-backed, or hand-drinking, saki are among the best-known.
(Sa"ki) n. The alcoholic drink of Japan. It is made from rice.
(Sak"ti) n. [Skr.] (Hind. Myth.) The divine energy, personified as the wife of a deity (Brahma,
Vishnu, Siva, etc.); the female principle.
(||Sal) n. [Hind. sal, Skr. çala.] (Bot.) An East Indian timber tree much used for building
purposes. It is of a light brown color, close-grained, heavy, and durable. [Written also saul.]
Sal absinthii [NL.] (Old Chem.), an impure potassium carbonate obtained from the ashes of wormwood
Sal acetosellæ [NL.] (Old Chem.), salt of sorrel. Sal alembroth. (Old Chem.) See Alembroth.
Sal ammoniac (Chem.), ammonium chloride, NH4Cl, a white crystalline volatile substance having
a sharp salty taste, obtained from gas works, from nitrogenous matter, etc. It is largely employed as
a source of ammonia, as a reagent, and as an expectorant in bronchitis. So called because originally
made from the soot from camel's dung at the temple of Jupiter Ammon in Africa. Called also muriate
of ammonia. Sal catharticus [NL.] (Old Med. Chem.), Epsom salts. Sal culinarius [L.] (Old
Chem.), common salt, or sodium chloride. Sal Cyrenaicus. [NL.] (Old Chem.) See Sal ammoniac
above. Sal de duobus, Sal duplicatum [NL.] (Old Chem.), potassium sulphate; so called because
erroneously supposed to be composed of two salts, one acid and one alkaline. Sal diureticus [NL.]
(Old Med. Chem.), potassium acetate. Sal enixum [NL.] (Old Chem.), acid potassium sulphate.
Sal gemmæ [NL.] (Old Min.), common salt occuring native. Sal Jovis [NL.] (Old Chem.), salt
tin, or stannic chloride; the alchemical name of tin being Jove. Sal Martis [NL.] (Old Chem.),
green vitriol, or ferrous sulphate; the alchemical name of iron being Mars. Sal microcosmicum
[NL.] (Old Chem.) See Microcosmic salt, under Microcosmic. Sal plumbi [NL.] (Old Chem.),
sugar of lead. Sal prunella. (Old Chem.) See Prunella salt, under 1st Prunella. Sal Saturni
[NL.] (Old Chem.), sugar of lead, or lead acetate; the alchemical name of lead being Saturn.
Sal sedativus [NL.] (Old Chem.), sedative salt, or boric acid. Sal Seignette [F. seignette, sel
de seignette] (Chem.), Rochelle salt. Sal soda (Chem.), sodium carbonate. See under Sodium.
Sal vitrioli [NL.] (Old Chem.), white vitriol; zinc sulphate. Sal volatile. [NL.] (a) (Chem.) See
Sal ammoniac, above. (b) Spirits of ammonia.
(Sal) n. [L. See Salt.] (Chem. & Pharm.) Salt.