LINGAIT to LONG-DRAWERS
LINGAIT, LINGAYET, LINGUIT, LINGAVANT, LINGADHARI, s. Mahr. Liñga-it, Can. Lingayata, a member
of a Sivaite sect in W. and S. India, whose members wear the liñga (see LINGAM) in a small gol
silver box suspended round the neck. The sect was founded in the 12th century by Basava. They are also called Jangama, or Vira Saiva, and have various subdivisions. [See Nelson, Madura, pt. iii. 48
seq.; Monier Williams, Brahmanism, 88.]
1673.At Hubly in this Kingdom are a caste called Linguits, who are buried upright.Fryer, 153.
This is still their practice.
Lingua is given as the name or title of the King of Columbum (see QUILON) in
the 14th century, by Friar Jordanus (p. 41), which might have been taken to denote that he belonged to
this sect; but this seems never to have had followers in Malabar.
LINGAM, s. This is taken from the S. Indian form of the word, which in N. India is Skt. and Hind. liñga,
a token, ba
dge, &c., thence the symbol of Siva which is so extensively an object of worship among the
Hindus, in the form of a cylinder of stone. The great i
dol of Somnath, destroyed by Mahmud of Ghazni, and the object of so much romantic narrative, was a colossal symbol of this kind. In the quotation of 1838 below, the word is used simply for a badge of caste, which is certainly the original Skt. meaning,
but is probably a mistake as attributed in that sense to modern vernacular use. The man may have
been a lingait (q.v.), so that his badge was actually a figure of the lingam. But this clever authoress
often gets out of her depth.
1311.The stone idols called Ling Mahádeo, which had been a long time established at that place
these, up to this time, the kick of the horse of Islam had not attempted to break.
Deo Narain fell down,
and the other gods who had seats there raised their feet, and jumped so high, that at one leap they
reached the foot of Lanka, and in that affright the lings themselves would have fled, had they had any
legs to stand on.Amír Khusrú, in Elliot, iv. 91.
above this there is elevated the figure of an
idol, which in decency I abstain from naming, but which is called by the heathen Linga, and which they
worship with many superstitions; and indeed they regard it to such a degree that the heathen of Canara
carry well-wrought images of the kind round their necks. This abominable custom was abolished by a
certain Canara King, a man of reason and righteousness.Couto, Dec. VII. iii. 11.
also some of them who wear a certain stone idol called Lingam
round the neck, or else in the hair of
Valentijn, Choro. 74.
1781.These Pagodas have each a small chamber in the center of
twelve feet square, with a lamp hanging over the Lingham.Hodges, 94.
1799.I had often remarked
near the banks of the rivulet a number of little altars, with a linga of Mahádeva upon them. It seems
they are placed over the ashes of Hindus who have been burnt near the spot.Colebrooke, in Life,
1809.Without was an immense lingam of black stone.Ld. Valentia, i. 371.
respectable Brahmuns, a man and his wife, of the secular order; who, having no children, had made
several religious pilgrimages, performed the accustomed ceremonies to the linga, and consulted the
divines.Forbes, Or. Mem. ii. 364; [2nd ed. ii. 4; in ii. 164, lingam].
1838.In addition to the preaching,
Mr. G. got hold of a mans Lingum, or badge of caste, and took it away.Letters from Madras, 156.
homage was paid to Lingamism. The insult was offered to Mahometanism. Lingamism is not
merely idolatry, but idolatry in its most pernicious form.Macaulay, Speech on Gates of Somnauth.
LINGUIST, s. An old word for an interpreter, formerly much used in the East. It long survived in China,
and is there perhaps not yet obsolete. Probably adopted from the Port. lingua, used for an interpreter.
1554.To a Ilingua of the factory (at Goa) 2 pardaos monthly.
S. Botelho, Tombo, 63.
linguoa of this kingdom (Ormuz) a Portuguese
To the linguoa of the custom-house, a bramen.Ibid.
[1612.Did Captain Saris Linguist attend?Danvers, Letters, i. 68.]
1700.I carried the
Linguist into a Merchants House that was my Acquaintance to consult with that Merchant about removing
that Remora, that stopd the Man of War from entring into the Harbour.A. Hamilton, iii. 254; [ed. 1744].
require not too much haste, having always five or six to make choice of, never a Barrel the
better Herring.Lockyer, 102.
1760.I am sorry to think your Honour should have reason to think,
that I have been anyway concerned in that unlucky affair that happened at the Negrais, in the month
of October 1759; but give me leave to assure your Honour that I was no further concerned, than as a