Ultra to Umbrose
(Ul"tra), a. [See Ultra-.] Going beyond others, or beyond due limit; extreme; fanatical; uncompromising; as,
an ultra reformer; ultra measures.
(Ul"tra), n. One who advocates extreme measures; an ultraist; an extremist; a radical. Brougham.
(Ul"trage) n. Outrage. [Obs.]
(Ul"tra*ism) n. [Cf. F. ultraïsme. See Ultra-.] The principles of those who advocate extreme
measures, as radical reform, and the like. Dr. H. More.
(Ul"tra*ist), n. One who pushes a principle or measure to extremes; an extremist; a radical; an
(Ul`tra*ma*rine") a. [Pref. ultra- + marine.] Situated or being beyond the sea. Burke.
Green ultramarine, a green pigment obtained as a first product in the manufacture of ultramarine,
into which it is changed by subsequent treatment. Ultramarine ash or ashes (Paint.), a pigment
which is the residuum of lapis lazuli after the ultramarine has been extracted. It was used by the old
masters as a middle or neutral tint for flesh, skies, and draperies, being of a purer and tenderer gray
that produced by the mixture of more positive colors. Fairholt.
(Ul`tra*ma*rine"), n. [Cf. Sp. ultramarino. So called because the lapis lazuli was originally
brought from beyond the sea, from Asia.] (Chem.) A blue pigment formerly obtained by powdering
lapis lazuli, but now produced in large quantities by fusing together silica, alumina, soda, and sulphur,
thus forming a glass, colored blue by the sodium polysulphides made in the fusion. Also used adjectively.
(Ul`tra*mon"tane) [LL. ultramontanus; L. ultra beyond + montanus belonging to a mountain,
from mons, montis, mountain: cf. F. ultramontain, It. ultramontano. See Ultra-, and Mountain.] Being
beyond the mountains; specifically, being beyond the Alps, in respect to the one who speaks.
This term was first applied, somewhat contemptuously, by the Italians, to the nations north of the Alps,
especially the Germans and French, their painters, jurists, etc. At a later period, the French and Germans
applied it to the Italians. It is now more particularly used in respect to religious matters; and ultramontane
doctrines, when spoken of north of the Alps, denote the extreme views of the pope's rights and supremacy
maintained by Bellarmin and other Italian writers.
1. One who resides beyond the mountains, especially beyond the Alps; a foreigner.
2. One who maintains extreme views favoring the pope's supremacy. See Ultramontanism.
(Ul`tra*mon"ta*nism) n. [Cf. F. ultramontanisme.] The principles of those within the
Roman Catholic Church who maintain extreme views favoring the pope's supremacy; - - so used by those
living north of the Alps in reference to the Italians; - - rarely used in an opposite sense, as referring to
the views of those living north of the Alps and opposed to the papal claims. Cf. Gallicanism.
(Ul`tra*mon"ta*nist) n. One who upholds ultramontanism.
(Ul`tra*mun"dane) a. [L. ultramundanus. See Ultra-, and Mundane.] Being beyond
the world, or beyond the limits of our system. Boyle.
(Ul`tra*red") a. [Pref. ultra- + red.] (Physics) Situated beyond or below the red rays; as, the
ultrated rays of the spectrum, which are less refrangible than the red.