Gallic acid(Chem.), an organic acid, very widely distributed in the vegetable kingdom, being found in the free state in galls, tea, etc., and produced artificially. It is a white, crystalline substance, C6H2(HO)3.CO2H, with an astringent taste, and is a strong reducing agent, as employed in photography. It is usually prepared from tannin, and both give a dark color with iron salts, forming tannate and gallate of iron, which are the essential ingredients of common black ink.

(Gal"lic) a. [L. Gallicus belonging to the Gauls, fr. Galli the Gauls, Gallia Gaul, now France: cf. F. gallique.] Pertaining to Gaul or France; Gallican.

(Gal"li*can) a. [L. Gallicanus: cf. F. gallican.] Of or pertaining to Gaul or France; Gallic; French; as, the Gallican church or clergy.

(Gal"li*can), n. An adherent to, and supporter of, Gallicanism. Shipley.

(Gal"li*can*ism) n. The principles, tendencies, or action of those, within the Roman Catholic Church in France, who (esp. in 1682) sought to restrict the papal authority in that country and increase the power of the national church. Schaff-Herzog Encyc.

(Gal"li*cism) n. [F. gallicisme.] A mode of speech peculiar to the French; a French idiom; also, in general, a French mode or custom.

(Gal"li*cize) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Gallicized ; p. pr. & vb. n. Gallicizing ] To conform to the French mode or idiom.

(Gal"lied) p. p. & a. (Naut.) Worried; flurried; frightened. Ham. Nav. Encyc.

(Gal"li*form) a. (Zoöl.) Like the Gallinae (or Galliformes) in structure.

(Gal`li*gas"kins) n. pl. [Prob. corrupted fr. It. Grechesco Grecian, a name which seems to have been given in Venice, and to have been afterwards confused with Gascony, as if they came from Gascony.] Loose hose or breeches; leather leg quards. The word is used loosely and often in a jocose sense.

(||Gal`li*ma"ti*a) n. Senseless talk. [Obs. or R.] See Galimatias.

(Gal`li*mau"fry) n.; pl. Gallimaufries [F. galimafrée a sort of ragout or mixed hash of different meats.]

1. A hash of various kinds of meats, a ragout.

Delighting in hodge-podge, gallimaufries, forced meat.

Galliardise to Galvanography

(Gal`liard*ise) n. [F. gaillardise. See Galliard, a.] Excessive gayety; merriment. [Obs.]

The mirth and galliardise of company.
Sir. T. Browne.

(Gal"liard*ness), n. Gayety. [Obs.] Gayton.

(Gal"li*ass) n. Same as Galleass.

(Gal"lic) a. [From Gallium.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or containing, gallium.

(Gal"lic) a. [From Gall the excrescence.] Pertaining to, or derived from, galls, nutgalls, and the like.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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