(Syn"co*pal) a. Of or pertaining to syncope; resembling syncope.

(Syn"co*pate) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Syncopated ; p. pr. & vb. n. Syncopating.] [LL. syncopatus, p. p. of syncopare to syncopate, to swoon. See Syncope.]

1. (Gram.) To contract, as a word, by taking one or more letters or syllables from the middle; as, "Gloster" is a syncopated form of "Gloucester."

2. (Mus.) To commence, as a tone, on an unaccented part of a measure, and continue it into the following accented part, so that the accent is driven back upon the weak part and the rhythm drags.

(Syn`co*pa"tion) n.

1. (Gram.) The act of syncopating; the contraction of a word by taking one or more letters or syllables from the middle; syncope.

2. (Mus.) The act of syncopating; a peculiar figure of rhythm, or rhythmical alteration, which consists in welding into one tone the second half of one beat with the first half of the beat which follows.

(Syn"co*pe) n. [L. syncope, syncopa, Gr. a cutting up, a syncope; akin to to beat together, to cut up, cut short, weavy; sy`n with + to strike, cut.]

1. (Gram.) An elision or retrenchment of one or more letters or syllables from the middle of a word; as, ne'er for never, ev'ry for every.

2. (Mus.) Same as Syncopation.

3. (Med.) A fainting, or swooning. See Fainting.

4. A pause or cessation; suspension. [R.]

Revely, and dance, and show,
Suffer a syncope and solemn pause.

(Syn"co*pist) n. One who syncopates. Addison.

(Syn"co*pize) v. t. To syncopate.

(Syn*cot`y*led"on*ous) a. [Pref. syn- + cotyledonous.] (Bot.) Having united cotyledonous.

(Syn*cret"ic) a. Uniting and blending together different systems, as of philosophy, morals, or religion. Smart.

(Syn"cre*tism) n. [Gr. fr. to make two parties join against a third: cf. F. syncrétisme.] Attempted union of principles or parties irreconcilably at variance with each other.

He is plotting a carnal syncretism, and attempting the reconcilement of Christ and Belial.

Syncretism is opposed to eclecticism in philosophy.

(Syn"cre*tist) n. [Cf. F. syncrétiste.] One who attempts to unite principles or parties which are irreconcilably at variance; specifically (Eccl. Hist.), an adherent of George Calixtus and other Germans of the seventeenth century, who sought to unite or reconcile the Protestant sects with each other and with the Roman Catholics, and thus occasioned a long and violent controversy in the Lutheran church.

(Syn`cre*tis"tic) a.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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