Synagogue to Synentognathi
(Syn"a*gogue) n. [F., from L. synagoga, Gr. a bringing together, an assembly, a synagogue,
fr. to bring together; sy`n with + to lead. See Syn-, and Agent.]
1. A congregation or assembly of Jews met for the purpose of worship, or the performance of religious
2. The building or place appropriated to the religious worship of the Jews.
3. The council of, probably, 120 members among the Jews, first appointed after the return from the
Babylonish captivity; called also the Great Synagogue, and sometimes, though erroneously, the Sanhedrin.
4. A congregation in the early Christian church.
My brethren, . . . if there come into your synagogue a man with a gold ring.James ii. 1,2
5. Any assembly of men. [Obs. or R.] Milton.
(Syn`a*le"pha) n. [NL., fr. L. synaloepha, Gr. from to melt together; sy`n with + to besmear.]
(Gram.) A contraction of syllables by suppressing some vowel or diphthong at the end of a word, before
another vowel or diphthong; as, th' army, for the army. [Written also synalpha.]
(Syn`al*lag*mat"ic), a. [Gr. from a mutual agreement, contract, fr. to exchange, negotiate
with; sy`n with + to change.] (Law) Imposing reciprocal obligations upon the parties; as, a synallagmatic
(Syn`al*lax"ine) a. [From Gr. to associate with.] (Zoöl.) Having the outer and middle toes
partially united; said of certain birds related to the creepers.
(||Syn`a*l"pha) n. [L.] Same as Synalepha.
(||Syn*an"gi*um) n.; pl. Synangia [NL., fr. Gr. + a hollow vessel.] (Anat.) The divided
part beyond the pylangium in the aortic trunk of the amphibian heart. Syn*an"gi*al a.
(Syn*an"ther*ous) a. [Pref. syn- + anther.] (Bot.) Having the stamens united by their
anthers; as, synantherous flowers.
(||Syn`an*the"sis) n. [NL., fr. Gr. sy`n with + Gr. bloom.] (Bot.) The simultaneous maturity
of the anthers and stigmas of a blossom. Gray.
(Syn*an"thous) a. [Pref. syn- + Gr. flower.] (Bot.) Having flowers and leaves which
appear at the same time; said of certain plants.
(Syn*an"throse") n. [From NL. Synantheræ the Compositæ; Gr. sy`n with + blooming.] (Chem.)
A variety of sugar, isomeric with sucrose, found in the tubers of the Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus
tuberosus), in the dahlia, and other Compositæ.
(||Syn*ap"ta) n. [NL., fr. Gr. fastened together; sy`n with + to fasten.] (Zoöl.) A genus of slender,
transparent holothurians which have delicate calcareous anchors attached to the dermal plates. See
Illustration in Appendix.
(Syn*ap"tase) n. [Gr. fastened together + diastase.] (Chem.) A ferment resembling diastase,
found in bitter almonds. Cf. Amygdalin, and Emulsin.
(||Syn`ap*tic"u*la) n.; pl. Synapticulæ [NL., dim. from Gr. fastened together.] (Zoöl.) One
of numerous calcareous processes which extend between, and unite, the adjacent septa of certain corals,
especially of the fungian corals.