North of the equator summer is popularly taken to include the months of June, July, and August. Astronomically
it may be considered, in the northern hemisphere, to begin with the summer solstice, about June 21st,
and to end with the autumnal equinox, about September 22d.
Indian summer, in North America, a period of warm weather late in autumn, usually characterized
by a clear sky, and by a hazy or smoky appearance of the atmosphere, especially near the horizon.
The name is derived probably from the custom of the Indians of using this time in preparation for winter
by laying in stores of food. Saint Martin's summer. See under Saint. Summer bird (Zoöl.),
the wryneck. [Prov. Eng.] Summer colt, the undulating state of the air near the surface of the
ground when heated. [Eng.] Summer complaint (Med.), a popular term for any diarrheal disorder
occurring in summer, especially when produced by heat and indigestion. Summer coot (Zoöl.), the
American gallinule. [Local, U.S.] Summer cypress (Bot.), an annual plant (Kochia Scoparia) of the
Goosefoot family. It has narrow, ciliate, crowded leaves, and is sometimes seen in gardens. Summer
duck. (Zoöl.) (a) The wood duck. (b) The garganey, or summer teal. See Illust. of Wood duck,
under Wood. Summer fallow, land uncropped and plowed, etc., during the summer, in order to
pulverize the soil and kill the weeds. Summer rash (Med.), prickly heat. See under Prickly.
Summer sheldrake (Zoöl.), the hooded merganser. [Local, U.S.] Summer snipe. (Zoöl.) (a) The
dunlin. (b) The common European sandpiper. (c) The green sandpiper. Summer tanager (Zoöl.),
a singing bird (Piranga rubra) native of the Middle and Southern United States. The male is deep red,
the female is yellowish olive above and yellow beneath. Called also summer redbird. Summer
teal (Zoöl.), the blue-winged teal. [Local, U.S.] Summer wheat, wheat that is sown in the spring,
and matures during the summer following. See Spring wheat. Summer yellowbird. (Zoöl.) See
(Sum"mer), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Summered ; p. pr. & vb. n. Summering.] To pass the
summer; to spend the warm season; as, to summer in Switzerland.
The fowls shall summer upon them.Isa. xviii. 6.
(Sum"mer), v. t. To keep or carry through the summer; to feed during the summer; as, to summer
(Sum"mer-fal"low) v. t. To plow and work in summer, in order to prepare for wheat or
other crop; to plow and let lie fallow.
(Sum"mer*house`) n.; pl. Summerhouses A rustic house or apartment in a garden or
park, to be used as a pleasure resort in summer. Shak.
(Sum"mer*li*ness) n. The quality or state of being like summer. [R.] Fuller.
(Sum"mer*sault Sum"mer*set) n. See Somersault, Somerset.
(Sum"mer*stir`) v. t. To summer- fallow.
(Sum"mer*tide`) n. Summer time.
(Sum"mer*tree`) n. [Summer a beam + tree.] (Arch.) A summer. See 2d Summer.
(Sum"mer*y) a. Of or pertaining to summer; like summer; as, a summery day.
(Sum"mist) n. One who sums up; one who forms an abridgment or summary. Sir E. Dering.
(Sum"mit) n. [F. sommet, dim. of OF. som, sum, top, from L. summum, from summus highest.
See Sum, n.]