(Spo"li*a`tor) n. One who spoliates; a spoiler.
(Spo"li*a*to*ry) a. Tending to spoil; destructive; spoliative.
(Spon*da"ic Spon*da"ic*al) , a. [L. spondaicus, spondiacus, Gr. : cf. F. spondaïque.]
1. Or of pertaining to a spondee; consisting of spondees.
2. Containing spondees in excess; marked by spondees; as, a spondaic hexameter, i. e., one which
has a spondee instead of a dactyl in the fifth foot.
(Spon"dee) n. [L. spondeus, Gr. fr. a drink offering, libation, fr. to pour out, make a libation: cf.
F. spondée. So called because at libations slow, solemn melodies were used, chiefly in this meter.] (pros.)
A poetic foot of two long syllables, as in the Latin word leges.
(Spon*du"lics) n. Money. [Slang, U.S.] Bartlett.
(Spon"dyl, Spon"dyle) n. [L. spondylus, Gr. : cf. F. spondyle.] (Anat.) A joint of the backbone; a
(Spong) n. [Etymol. uncertain.] An irregular, narrow, projecting part of a field. [Prov. Eng.]
(Sponge) n. [OF. esponge, F. éponge, L. spongia, Gr. . Cf. Fungus, Spunk.] [Formerly
written also spunge.]
1. (Zoöl.) Any one of numerous species of Spongiæ, or Porifera. See Illust. and Note under Spongiæ.
2. The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny Spongiæ used for many purposes, especially the
varieties of the genus Spongia. The most valuable sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the
Red Sea, and on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies.
3. Fig.: One who lives upon others; a pertinaceous and indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger.
4. Any spongelike substance. Specifically: (a) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and
after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the agency of the yeast or leaven. (b) Iron from the
puddling furnace, in a pasty condition. (c) Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.
5. (Gun.) A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood,
covered with sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped nap, and having a handle, or
6. (Far.) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering to the heel.
Bath sponge, any one of several varieties of coarse commercial sponges, especially Spongia equina.
Cup sponge, a toilet sponge growing in a cup- shaped form. Glass sponge. See Glass-
sponge, in the Vocabulary. Glove sponge, a variety of commercial sponge (Spongia officinalis,
variety tubulufera), having very fine fibers, native of Florida, and the West Indies. Grass sponge,
any one of several varieties of coarse commercial sponges having the surface irregularly tufted, as Spongia
graminea, and S. equina, variety cerebriformis, of Florida and the West Indies. Horse sponge, a
coarse commercial sponge, especially Spongia equina. Platinum sponge. (Chem.) See under
Platinum. Pyrotechnical sponge, a substance made of mushrooms or fungi, which are boiled in
water, dried, and beaten, then put in a strong lye prepared with saltpeter, and again dried in an oven.
This makes the black match, or tinder, brought from Germany. Sheep's-wool sponge, a fine and
durable commercial sponge (Spongia equina, variety gossypina) found in Florida and the West Indies.
The surface is covered with larger and smaller tufts, having the oscula between them. Sponge cake,
a kind of sweet cake which is light and spongy. Sponge lead, or Spongy lead (Chem.), metallic