Sails are of two general kinds, fore-and-aft sails, and square sails. Square sails are always bent to
yards, with their foot lying across the line of the vessel. Fore-and-aft sails are set upon stays or gaffs
with their foot in line with the keel. A fore- and-aft sail is triangular, or quadrilateral with the after leech
longer than the fore leech. Square sails are quadrilateral, but not necessarily square. See Phrases
under Fore, a., and Square, a.; also, Bark, Brig, Schooner, Ship, Stay.
Sail burton (Naut.), a purchase for hoisting sails aloft for bending. Sail fluke (Zoöl.), the whiff.
Sail hook, a small hook used in making sails, to hold the seams square. Sail loft, a loft or room
where sails are cut out and made. Sail room (Naut.), a room in a vessel where sails are stowed
when not in use. Sail yard (Naut.), the yard or spar on which a sail is extended. Shoulder-
of- mutton sail (Naut.), a triangular sail of peculiar form. It is chiefly used to set on a boat's mast.
To crowd sail. (Naut.) See under Crowd. To loose sails (Naut.), to unfurl or spread sails.
To make sail (Naut.), to extend an additional quantity of sail. To set a sail (Naut.), to extend
or spread a sail to the wind. To set sail (Naut.), to unfurl or spread the sails; hence, to begin a
voyage. To shorten sail (Naut.), to reduce the extent of sail, or take in a part. To strike sail
(Naut.), to lower the sails suddenly, as in saluting, or in sudden gusts of wind; hence, to acknowledge
inferiority; to abate pretension. Under sail, having the sails spread.
(Sail) v. i. [imp. & p. p. Sailed ; p. pr. & vb. n. Sailing.] [AS. segelian, seglian. See Sail, n.]
1. To be impelled or driven forward by the action of wind upon sails, as a ship on water; to be impelled
on a body of water by the action of steam or other power.
2. To move through or on the water; to swim, as a fish or a water fowl.
3. To be conveyed in a vessel on water; to pass by water; as, they sailed from London to Canton.
4. To set sail; to begin a voyage.
5. To move smoothly through the air; to glide through the air without apparent exertion, as a bird.
As is a winged messenger of heaven, . . .Shak.
When he bestrides the lazy pacing clouds,
And sails upon the
bosom of the air.
(Sail), v. t.
1. To pass or move upon, as in a ship, by means of sails; hence, to move or journey upon (the water) by
means of steam or other force.
A thousand ships were manned to sail the sea.Dryden.
2. To fly through; to glide or move smoothly through.
Sublime she sailsPope.
The aërial space, and mounts the wingèd gales.
3. To direct or manage the motion of, as a vessel; as, to sail one's own ship. Totten.
(Sail"a*ble) a. Capable of being sailed over; navigable; as, a sailable river.
(Sail"boat`), n. A boat propelled by a sail or sails.
(Sail"cloth`) n. Duck or canvas used in making sails.
1. A sailor. [R.] Sir P. Sidney.