2. (Biol.) A cavity, bag, or receptacle, usually containing fluid, and either closed, or opening into another cavity to the exterior; a sack.

(Sac"a*lait) n. (Zoöl.) A kind of fresh-water bass; the crappie. [Southern U.S.]

(Sa"car) n. See Saker.

(Sac*cade") n. [F.] (Man.) A sudden, violent check of a horse by drawing or twitching the reins on a sudden and with one pull.

(Sac"cate) a. [NL. saccatus, fr. L. saccus a sack, bag.]

1. (Biol.) Having the form of a sack or pouch; furnished with a sack or pouch, as a petal.

2. (Zoöl.) Of or pertaining to the Saccata, a suborder of ctenophores having two pouches into which the long tentacles can be retracted.

(Sac"cha*rate) n. (Chem.) (a) A salt of saccharic acid. (b) In a wider sense, a compound of saccharose, or any similar carbohydrate, with such bases as the oxides of calcium, barium, or lead; a sucrate.

(Sac*char"ic) a. (Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, saccharine substances; specifically, designating an acid obtained, as a white amorphous gummy mass, by the oxidation of mannite, glucose, sucrose, etc.

(Sac`cha*rif"er*ous) a. [L. saccharon sugar + -ferous.] Producing sugar; as, sacchariferous canes.

(Sac*char"i*fy) v. t. [imp. & p. p. Saccharified ; p. pr. & vb. n. Saccharifying ] [L. saccharon sugar + -fy: cf. F. saccharifier.] To convert into, or to impregnate with, sugar.

(Sac`cha*ril"la) n. A kind of muslin.

(Sac`cha*rim"e*ter) n. [L. saccharon sugar + -meter: cf. F. saccharimètre.] An instrument for ascertaining the quantity of saccharine matter in any solution, as the juice of a plant, or brewers' and distillers' worts. [Written also saccharometer.]

The common saccharimeter of the brewer is an hydrometer adapted by its scale to point out the proportion of saccharine matter in a solution of any specific gravity. The polarizing saccharimeter of the chemist is a complex optical apparatus, in which polarized light is transmitted through the saccharine solution, and the proportion of sugar indicated by the relative deviation of the plane of polarization.

(Sac`cha*ri*met"ric*al) a. Of or pertaining to saccharimetry; obtained by saccharimetry.

(Sac`cha*rim"e*try) n. The act, process or method of determining the amount and kind of sugar present in sirup, molasses, and the like, especially by the employment of polarizing apparatus.

(Sac"cha*rin) n. [F., from L. saccharon sugar.] (Chem.) A bitter white crystalline substance obtained from the saccharinates and regarded as the lactone of saccharinic acid; — so called because formerly supposed to be isomeric with cane sugar

(Sac"cha*ri*nate) n. (Chem.) (a) A salt of saccharinic acid. (b) A salt of saccharine.

(Sac"cha*rine) a. [F. saccharin, fr. L. saccharon sugar, Gr. Skr. çarkara. Cf. Sugar.] Of or pertaining to sugar; having the qualities of sugar; producing sugar; sweet; as, a saccharine taste; saccharine matter.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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