There were Christians in the early church who held this opinion, and certain Christians, esp. the Seventh-
day Baptists, hold it now.
2. A strict observer of the Sabbath.
(Sab`ba*ta"ri*an), a. Of or pertaining to the Sabbath, or the tenets of Sabbatarians.
(Sab`ba*ta"ri*an*ism) n. The tenets of Sabbatarians. Bp. Ward
(Sab"bath) n. [OE. sabat, sabbat, F. sabbat, L. sabbatum, Gr. sa`bbaton, fr. Heb. shabbath,
fr. shabath to rest from labor. Cf. Sabbat.]
1. A season or day of rest; one day in seven appointed for rest or worship, the observance of which
was enjoined upon the Jews in the Decalogue, and has been continued by the Christian church with a
transference of the day observed from the last to the first day of the week, which is called also Lord's
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.Ex. xx. 8.
2. The seventh year, observed among the Israelites as one of rest and festival. Lev. xxv. 4.
3. Fig.: A time of rest or repose; intermission of pain, effort, sorrow, or the like.
Peaceful sleep out the sabbath of the tomb.Pope. Sabbath breaker, one who violates the law of the Sabbath. Sabbath breaking, the violation of
the law of the Sabbath. Sabbath-day's journey, a distance of about a mile, which, under Rabbinical
law, the Jews were allowed to travel on the Sabbath.
Syn. Sabbath, Sunday. Sabbath is not strictly synonymous with Sunday. Sabbath denotes the
institution; Sunday is the name of the first day of the week. The Sabbath of the Jews is on Saturday,
and the Sabbath of most Christians on Sunday. In New England, the first day of the week has been
called "the Sabbath," to mark it as holy time; Sunday is the word more commonly used, at present, in all
parts of the United States, as it is in England. "So if we will be the children of our heavenly Father, we
must be careful to keep the Christian Sabbath day, which is the Sunday." Homilies.
(Sab"bath*less), a. Without Sabbath, or intermission of labor; hence, without respite or
Sabbatical year (Jewish Antiq.), every seventh year, in which the Israelites were commanded to suffer
their fields and vineyards to rest, or lie without tillage.
(Sab*bat"ic Sab*bat"ic*al) , a. sabbatique.]> Of or pertaining to the Sabbath; resembling the
Sabbath; enjoying or bringing an intermission of labor.
(Sab"ba*tism) n. [L. sabbatismus, Gr. fr. to keep the Sabbath: cf. F. sabbatisme. See
Sabbath.] Intermission of labor, as upon the Sabbath; rest. Dr. H. More.
(Sab"ba*ton) n. [Cf. Sp. zapaton, a large shoe, F. sabot a wooden shoe.] A round-toed,
armed covering for the feet, worn during a part of the sixteenth century in both military and civil dress.
(Sa*be"an) a. & n. Same as Sabian.
(Sa"be*ism) n. Same as Sabianism.