Raider to Raise
(Raid"er) n. One who engages in a raid. [U.S.]
(Rail) n. [OE. reil, re&yoghel, AS. hrægel, hrægl, a garment; akin to OHG. hregil, OFries. hreil.]
An outer cloak or covering; a neckerchief for women. Fairholt.
(Rail), v. i. [Etymol. uncertain.] To flow forth; to roll out; to course. [Obs.]
Streams of tears from her fair eyes forth railing.Spenser.
(Rail), n. [Akin to LG. & Sw. regel bar, bolt, G. riegel a rail, bar, or bolt, OHG. rigil, rigel, bar,
bolt, and possibly to E. row a line.]
1. A bar of timber or metal, usually horizontal or nearly so, extending from one post or support to another,
as in fences, balustrades, staircases, etc.
2. (Arch.) A horizontal piece in a frame or paneling. See Illust. of Style.
3. (Railroad) A bar of steel or iron, forming part of the track on which the wheels roll. It is usually shaped
with reference to vertical strength, and is held in place by chairs, splices, etc.
4. (Naut.) (a) The stout, narrow plank that forms the top of the bulwarks. (b) The light, fencelike
structures of wood or metal at the break of the deck, and elsewhere where such protection is needed.
Rail fence. See under Fence. Rail guard. (a) A device attached to the front of a locomotive on
each side for clearing the rail of obstructions. (b) A guard rail. See under Guard. Rail joint (Railroad),
a splice connecting the adjacent ends of rails, in distinction from a chair, which is merely a seat.
The two devices are sometimes united. Among several hundred varieties, the fish joint is standard.
See Fish joint, under Fish. Rail train (Iron & Steel Manuf.), a train of rolls in a rolling mill, for
making rails for railroads from blooms or billets.
(Rail), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Railed (rald); p. pr. & vb. n. Railing.]
1. To inclose with rails or a railing.
It ought to be fenced in and railed.Ayliffe.
2. To range in a line. [Obs.]
They were brought to London all railed in ropes, like a team of horses in a cart.Bacon.
(Rail), n. [F. râle, fr. râler to have a rattling in the throat; of German origin, and akin to E. rattle.
See Rattle, v.] (Zoöl.) Any one of numerous species of limicoline birds of the family Rallidæ, especially
those of the genus Rallus, and of closely allied genera. They are prized as game birds.
The common European water rail (Rallus aquaticus) is called also bilcock, skitty coot, and brook runner.
The best known American species are the clapper rail, or salt-marsh hen (Rallus longirostris, var. crepitans); the
king, or red-breasted, rail (R. elegans) (called also fresh-water marsh-hen); the lesser clapper, or Virginia,
rail (R. Virginianus); and the Carolina, or sora, rail (Porzana Carolina). See Sora.
Land rail (Zoöl.), the corncrake.
(Rail), v. i. [F. railler; cf. Sp. rallar to grate, scrape, molest; perhaps fr. (assumed) LL. radiculare,
fr. L. radere to scrape, grate. Cf. Rally to banter, Rase.] To use insolent and reproachful language; to