(Pe"nal*ize) v. t.
1. To make penal.
2. (Sport.) To put a penalty on. See Penalty, 3. [Eng.]
(Pe"nal*ly) adv. In a penal manner.
(Pe"nal*ty) n.; pl. Penalties [F. pénalité. See Penal.]
1. Penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the suffering in person or property which is annexed
by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense, or trespass.
Death is the penalty imposed.Milton.
2. The suffering, or the sum to be forfeited, to which a person subjects himself by covenant or agreement,
in case of nonfulfillment of stipulations; forfeiture; fine.
The penalty and forfeit of my bond.Shak.
3. A handicap. [Sporting Cant]
The term penalty is in law mostly applied to a pecuniary punishment.
Bill of pains and penalties. See under Bill. On, or Under, penalty of, on pain of; with exposure
to the penalty of, in case of transgression.
(Pen"ance) n. [OF. penance, peneance, L. paenitentia repentance. See Penitence.]
1. Repentance. [Obs.] Wyclif
2. Pain; sorrow; suffering. [Obs.] "Joy or penance he feeleth none." Chaucer.
3. (Eccl.) A means of repairing a sin committed, and obtaining pardon for it, consisting partly in the
performance of expiatory rites, partly in voluntary submission to a punishment corresponding to the
transgression. Penance is the fourth of seven sacraments in the Roman Catholic Church. Schaff- Herzog
And bitter penance, with an iron whip.Spenser.
Quoth he, "The man hath penance done,Coleridge.
And penance more will do."
(Pen"ance), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Penanced ] To impose penance; to punish. "Some penanced
lady elf." Keats.
(Pen"ance*less), a. Free from penance. [R.]
(Pe*nang" nut`) [From the native name.] (Bot.) The betel nut. Balfour
(Pen*an"nu*lar) a. [L. pene, paene, almost + E. annular.] Nearly annular; having nearly
the form of a ring. "Penannular relics." D. Wilson.
(Pe"na*ry) a. Penal. [Obs.] Gauden.
(||Pe*na"tes) n. pl. [L.] (Rom. Antiq.) The household gods of the ancient Romans. They presided
over the home and the family hearth. See Lar.