Sandwichman to Sapphics
Sandwichman (A). A perambulating advertisement displayer, with an advertisement board before and
The Earl of Shaftesbury desired to say a word on behalf of a very respectable body of men, ordinarily called `sandwiches.' - The Times, March 16th, 1867.
Sang Bleu Of high aristocratic descent. The words are French, and mean blue blood, but the notion is Spanish. The old families of Spain who trace their pedigree beyond the time of the Moorish conquest say that their venous blood is blue, but that of common people is black.
Sang Froid (French, cool blood), meaning indifference, without temper or irritation.
Sangaree' A West Indian drink, consisting of Madeira wine, syrup, water, and nutmeg.
Sanglamore (3 syl.). Braggadochio's sword. (Spenser: Faërie Queene.)
Sanglier (Sir). Meant for Shan O'Neil, leader of the Irish insurgents in 1567. (Spenser : Faërie Queene,
Sangrado (Dr.), in the romance of Gil Blas, prescribes warm water and bleeding for every ailment. The
character is a satire on Helvetius. (Book ii. 2.)
If the Sangrados were ignorant, there was at any rate more to spare in the veins then than there is now.- Daily Telegraph.
Sangreal The vessel from which our Saviour drank at the Last Supper, and which (as it is said) was
afterwards filled by Joseph of Arimathe'a with the blood that flowed from His wounds. This blood was
reported to have the power of prolonging life and preserving chastity. The quest of this cup forms the
most fertile source of adventures to the knights of the Round Table. The story of the Sangreal or Sangraal
was first written in verse by Chrestien de Troyes (end of the tenth century), thence Latinised (thirteenth
century), and finally turned into French prose by Gautier Map, by order of Lord Henry (Henry III.). It
commences with the genealogy of our Saviour, and details the whole Gospel history; but the prose romance
begins with Joseph of Arimathe'a. Its quest is continued in Percival, a romance of the fifteenth century,
which gives the adventures of a young Welshman, raw and inexperienced, but admitted to knighthood.
At his death the sangreal, the sacred lance, and the silver trencher were carried up to heaven in the
presence of attendants, and have never since been seen on earth.
Sanguine [murrey ]. One of the nine colours used by foreign heralds in escutcheons. It is expressed by
lines of vert and purpure crossed, that is, diagonals from right to left crossing diagonals from left to right.
(See Tenne .)
Sanguinary James (A). A sheep's head not singed. A jemmy is a sheep's head; so called from James
I., who introduced into England the national Scotch dish of singed sheep's head and trotters. No real
Scotch dinner is complete without a haggis, a sheep's head and trotters, and a hotch-potch (in summer),
or cocky leekie (in winter).
Sanhedrim The Jewish Sanhedrim probably took its form from the seventy elders appointed to assist Moses in the government. After the captivity it seems to have been a permanent consistory court. The president was called Ha Nasi (the prince), and the vice-president Abba (father). The seventy sat in a semicircle, thirty-five on each side of the president; the father being on his right hand, and the hacan, or sub-deputy, on his left. All questions of the Law were dogmatically settled by the Sanhedrim, and
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