those who refused obedience were excommunicated. (Greek, sunedrion, a sitting together.)
   Sanhedrim, in Dryden's satire of Absalom and Achitophel, stands for the British Parliament.

“The Sanhedrim long time as chief he ruled,
Their reason guided, and their passion cooled."
Sanjaksherif The flag of the prophet. (Turkish, sanjak, a standard.)

Sans Culottes (French, without trousers). A name given by the aristocratic section during the French Revolution to the popular party, the favourite leader of which was Henriot. (1793.)

Sans Culottides The five complementary days added to the twelve months of the Revolutionary Calendar. Each month being made to consist of thirty days, the riff-raff days which would not conform to the law were named in honour of the sans culottes, and made idle days or holidays.
   sans-culottism. Red republicanism.

Sans Peur et Sans Reproche Pierre du Terrail, Chevalier de Bayard, was called Le chevalier sans peur et sans reproche. (1476-1524.)

Sans Souci (French). Free and easy, void of care. There is a place so called near Potsdam, where Frederick II. (the Great) built a royal palace.
   Enfans Sans Souci. The Tradesmen's company of actors, as opposed to the Lawyers', called “Basochians” (q.v.). This company was organised in France in the reign of Charles VIII., for the performance of short comedies, in which public characters and the manners of the day were turned into ridicule. The manager of the “Care-for-Nothings” (sans souci) was called “The Prince of Fools.” One of their dramatic pieces, entitled Master Pierre Pathelin, was an immense favourite with the Parisians.

Sanscara The ten essential rites of Hindus of the first three castes. (1) at the conception of a child; (2) at the quickening; (3) at birth; (4) at naming; (5) carrying the child out to see the moon; (6) giving him food to eat; (7) the ceremony of tonsure; (8) investiture with the string; (9) the close of his studies; (10) the ceremony of “marriage,” when he is qualified to perform the sacrifices ordained.

Sansfoy [Infidelity ]. A Saracen “who cared for neither God nor man,” encountered by St. George and slain. (Spenser: Faërie Queene, book i. 2.)

Sansjoy [Without the peace of God ]. Brother of Sansfoy (Infidelity) and Sansloy (Without the law of God). He is a paynim knight, who fights with St. George in the palace grounds of Pride, and would have been slain if Duessa had not rescued him. He is carried in the car of Night to the infernal regions, where he is healed of his wounds by Esculapius. (Spenser: Faërie Queene, book i. 4, 5.)

Sansloy [Irreligion ], brother of Sansfoy (q.v.). Having torn off the disguise of Archimago and wounded the lion, he carries off Una into the wilderness. Her shrieks arouse the fauns and satyrs, who come to her rescue, and Sansloy flees. Una is Truth, and, being without Holiness (the Red-Cross Knight), is deceived by Hypocrisy. As soon as Truth joins Hypocrisy, instead of Holiness, Irreligion breaks in and carries her away. The reference is to the reign of Queen Mary, when the Reformation was carried captive, and the lion was wounded by the “False-law of God.” (Spenser: Faërie Queene, book i. 2.)
   In book ii. Sansloy appears again as the cavalier of Perissa or Prodigality.

Sansonetto (in Orlando Furioso). A Christian regent of Mecca, vicegerent of Charlemagne.

Santa Casa (Italian, the holy house). The reputed house in which the Virgin Mary lived at Nazareth, miraculously translated to Fiume, in Dalmatia, in 1291, thence to Recanati in 1294, and finally to Macerata, in Italy, to a piece of land belonging to the Lady Loretto

Santa Claus or Santa Klaus. A corrupt contraction of Sankt Nikolaus (Sank'ni kolaus- i.e. St. Nicolas), the patron saint of children. The vigil of his feast is still held in some places, but for the most part his name is now associated with Christmas-tide. The old custom used to be for someone, on December 5th, to assume the costume of a bishop and distribute small gifts to “good children.” The present custom

  By PanEris using Melati.

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