Catharine-wheel Politicians to Catted

Catharine-wheel Politicians Lovers of political changes.

Catharine-wheel Republics “Republics,” says Mr. Lowell, “always in revolution while the powder lasts.”

Catharists A sect of the Manicheans; so called from their professed purity of faith. (Greek, katharos, pure.) They maintained that matter is the source of all evil; that Christ had not a real body; that the human body is incapable of newness of life; and that the sacraments do not convey grace. (See Ducange: vol. ii. p. 289, col. 1.)

Cathay' China, or rather Tartary, the capital of which was Albracca, according to Orlando Furioso. It was called Khita'i by the Tartars, and China was first entered by Europeans in the Middle Ages from the side of Tartary.

“Better fifty years of Europe than a cycle of
Cathay.” Tennyson: Locksley Hall.
Cathedræ Molles (Latin). Luxurious women. Properly, soft chairs. The cathedra was a chair for women, like our ottoman: and Juvenal applies the soft chair used by women of dainty habits to the women who use them

Cathedrals of the Old Foundation Those which have never been monastic, but which have ab initio been governed by a dean and chapter, with the statutable dignities of precentor, chancellor, and treasurer.

Catherans or Caterans. Highland freebooters or marauders. (Lowland Scotch, catherein, peasantry.)

Catherine (See Catharine .)

Catholic (The). “Catholicus,” a title inherited by the King of Spain; as the monarch of England is entitled “Fidei Defensor,” and the King of France was styled “Christianissimus.” (See page 228, Catholic Majesty .)

Catholic Association (The), 1756. The first Catholic Association was formed for the purpose of obtaining relief from disabilities. In 1760 the association was re-established on a more representative basis, but it became moribund in 1763. Another association was organised in 1773, which fell under the control of Lord Kenmare; this society was broken up 1783. In 1793 a new society was formed on a still wider basis, and Wolfe Tone was elected secretary. In 1793 the Catholic Relief Bill received the Royal Assent.    In Ireland, 1823; suppressed 1825 (6 Geo. iv. c. 4); dissolved itself February, 1829. The association was first suggested by Daniel O'Connell at a dinner-party given by Mr. O'Mara at Glancullen, and on Monday, May 12th, the first meeting of the association was held in Dempsey's Rooms, Sackville Street. It became one of the most powerful popular movements ever organised. The objects were: (1) to forward petitions to Parliament; (2) to afford relief to Catholics assailed by Orange lodges; (3) to support a Liberal press both in Dublin and London; (4) to circulate cheap publications; (5) to aid the Irish Catholics of America; and (6) to aid English Catholics. Indirectly it undertook the repeal of the Union, and the redress of Irish grievances generally. Everyone who paid ld. a month was a member. (See Catholic Emancipation.)

Catholic Church (The). The Church considered as a whole, as distinguished from parish churches. When the Western Church broke off from the Eastern, the Eastern Church called itself the Orthodox Church, and the Western Church adopted the term Catholic. At the Reformation the Western Church was called by the Reformers the Roman Catholic Church, and the British Established Church was called the “Protestant Church,” the “Reformed National Church,” or the “Anglo-Catholic Church.” It is foolish and misleading to call the Anglican Church the Catholic Church, as at most it is only a branch thereof. No Protestant would think of calling himself a Catholic.

Catholic Emancipation Act (The). 10 Geo. IV. c. 7, April 13th, 1829, whereby Catholics were admitted to all corporate offices, and to an equal enjoyment of all municipal rights. The army and navy had been already opened to them. They were, however, excluded from the following offices: (1) Regent; (2) Chancellor of England or Ireland; (3) Viceroy of Ireland; (4) all offices connected with the Church, universities, and public schools; and (5) the disposal. of Church patronage.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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