Chyndonax to Cipango

Chyndonax, a chief druid, whose tomb (with a Greek inscription) was discovered near Dijon, in 1598.

Ciacco , a glutton, spoken to by Dantê, in the third circle of hell, the place to which gluttons are consigned to endless woe. The word means “a pig,” and is not a proper name, but only a symbolical one.—Dante: Hell, vi. (1300).

Ciacco, thy dire affliction grieves me much.
   —Hell, vi.

Cicero. When the great Roman orator was given up by Augustus to the revenge of Antony, it was a cobbler who conducted the sicarii to Formiæ, whither Cicero had fled in a litter, intending to put to sea. His bearers would have fought, but Cicero forbade them, and one Herennius has the unenviable notoriety of being his murderer.

It was a cobbler that set the murderers on Cicero.—Ouidà: Ariadnê, i. 6.

(Some say that Publius Lænas gave the fatal blow.)

Cicero of the British Senate, George Canning (1770–1827).

Cicero of France, Jean Baptiste Massillon (1663–1742).

Cicero of Germany, John elector of Brandenberg (1455, 1486–1499).

Cicero’s Mouth, Philippe Pot, prime minister of Louis XI. (1428–1494).

The British Cicero, William Pitt, earl of Chatham (1708–1778).

The Christian Cicero, Lucius Cœlius Lactantius (died 330).

The German Cicero, Johann Sturm, printer and scholar (1507–1589).

Ciclenius. So Chaucer calls Mercury. He was named Cyllenius from mount Cyllenê, in Peloponnesus, where he was born.

Ciclenius riding in his chirachee. Chaucer: Compl. of Mars and Venus (1391).

Cid (The) = Seid or Signior, also called Campeador [Cam-pa-dor] or “Camp hero.” Rodrigue Diaz de Bivar was surnamed “the Cid.” The great hero of Castille was born at Burgos 1030 and died 1099. He signalized himself by his exploits in the reigns of Ferdinand, Sancho II., and Alphonso VI. of Leon and Castille. In the wars between Sancho II. and his brother (Alphonso VI.), he sided with the former; and on the assassination of Sancho, was disgraced, and quitted the court. The Cid then assembled his vassals, and marched against the Moors, whom he conquered in several battles, so that Alphonso was necessitated to recall him.

The Spanish chronicle of the Cid belongs to the thirteenth century, and was first printed in 1544; another version was by Medina del Campo, in 1552.

The Spanish poem of the Cid dates from 1207; and 102 ballads of the Cid in Spanish were published in 1615.

Southey published an excellent English Chronicle of the Cid in 1808; Lockhart translated into English verse 8 of the ballads; George Dennis rendered into prose and verse a connected tale of the great Spanish hero in 1845.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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