Chronicles to Chuzzlewit

Chronicles. Two books of the Old Testament bear this title. The first book contains the history of David from the death of Saul, and corresponds to the Second Book of Samuel. The second book devotes the first nine chapters to a biography of Solomon, and the rest to an epitome of kings of Judah to the time of the Captivity.

The first nine chapters correspond to I Kings iii.-xl.

Chronicles of Canongate, certain stories supposed to have been written by Mrs. Martha Bethune Baliol, a lady of quality and fortune, who lived, when in Edinburgh, at Baliol Lodging, in the Canongate. These tales were written at the request of her cousin, Mr. Croftangry, by whom, at her death, they were published. The first series contains The Highland Widow, The Two Drovers, and [The Surgeon’s Daughter, afterwards removed from this series]. The second series contains The Fair Maid of Perth.—Sir W. Scott: “Chronicles of Canongate” (introduction of The Highland Widow).

Chronology (The Father of), J. J. Scaliger (1540–1609).

Chronon-Hoton-Thologos(King). He strikes Bombardinean, general of his forces, for giving him hashed pork, and saying, “Kings as great as Chrononhotonthologos have made a hearty meal on worse.” The king calls his general a traitor. “Traitor in thy teeth !” retorts the general. They fight, and the king dies.—Carey: Chrononhotonthologos (a burlesque, 1734).

Chrysale , a simple-minded, hen-pecked French tradesman, whose wife Philaminte neglects her house for the learned languages, women’s rights, and the aristocracy of mind. He is himself a plain practical man, who has no sympathy with the pas blue move ment. Chrysale has two daughters, Armande and Henriette, both of whom love Clitandre; but Armande, who is a “bluestocking,” loves him platonically; while Henriette, who is a “thorough woman,” loves him with woman’s love. Chrysale sides with his daughter Henriette, and when he falls into money difficulties through the “learned proclivities” of his wife, Clitandre comes forward like a man, and obtains the consent of both parents to his marriage with Henriette.—Molière: Les Femmes Savantes (1672).

Chrysaor (ch = k), the sword of sir Artegal, which “exceeded all other swords.” It once belonged to Jove, and was used by him against the Titans, but it had been laid aside till Astræa gave it to the Knight of Justice.

Of most perfect metal it was made, Tempered with adamant…no substance was so…hard But it would pierce or cleave whereso it came.
   —Spenser: Faërie Queene, v. (1596).

N.B.—The poet tells us it was broken to pieces by Radigund queen of the Amazons (bk. v. 7), yet it reappears whole and sound (canto 12), when it is used with good service against Grantorto (the spirit of rebellion). Spenser says it was called Chrysaor because “the blade was garnished all with gold.”

Chrysaor, son of Neptune and Medusa. He married Callirrhoê , one of the sea-nymphs.

Chrysaor rising out of the sea, Showed thus glorious and thus emulous. Leaving the arms of Challirroë.
   —Longfellow: The Evening Star.

Chryseis [Kri-seé-iss], daughter of Chrysês priest of Apollo. She was famed for her beauty and her embroidery. During the Trojan war Chryseis was taken captive and allotted to Agamemnon king of Argos, but her father came to ransom her. The king would not accept the offered ransom, and Chrysês prayed that a plague might fall on the Grecian camp. His prayer was answered; and in order to avert the plague Agamemnon sent the lady back to her father, not only without ransom, but laden with costly gifts.—Homer: Iliad, i.

Chrysos, a rich Athenian, who called himself “a patron of art,” but measured art as a draper measures tape.—Gilbert: Pygmalion and Galatea (1871). (See Critic, p.244.)

  By PanEris using Melati.

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