with eighteen of the natives and nine of the mutineers, sailed for Tahiti, where all soon died except Alexander Smith, who changed his name to John Adams, and became a model patriarch.—Byron: The Island.

Christian Doctor (Most), John Charlier de Gerson (1363–1429).

Christian Eloquence (The Founder of), Louis Bourdaloue (1632–1704).

Christian King (Most). So the kings of France were styled. Pepin le Bref was so styled by pope Stephen III. (714–768). Charles II. le Chauve was so styled by the Council of Savonnières (823, 840–877). Louis XI. was so styled by Paul II. (1423, 1461–1483)!!

Christian Seneca (The), J. Hall, bishop of Norwich, poet and satirist (1574–1656).

Christian Year (The), “Thoughts in verse for every Sunday and Holiday throughout the Year,” by John Keble (1827).

Christiana (ch = k), the wife of Christian, who started with her children and Mercy from the City of Destruction long after her husband’s flight. She was under the guidance of Mr. Greatheart, and went, therefore, with silver slippers along the thorny road. This forms the second part of Bunyan’s Pilgrim’s Progress (1684).

Christie of the Clint Hill, one of the retainers of Julian Avenel —Sir W. Scott: The Monastery (time, Elizabeth).

Christie (John), ship-chandler at Paul’s Wharf.

Dame Nelly Christie, his pretty wife, carried off by lord Dalgarno.—Sir W. Scott: Fortunes of Nigel (time, James I.).

Christina, daughter of Christian II. king of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. She is sought in marriage by prince Arvida and by Gustavus Vasa; but the prince abandons his claim in favour of his friend. After the great battle, in which Christian is defeated by Gustavus, Christina clings to her father, and pleads with Gustavus on his behalf. He is sent back to Denmark, with all his men, without ransom, but abdicates, and Sweden is erected into a separate kingdom.—H. Brooke: Gustavus Vasa (1730).

Christine , a pretty, saucy young woman, in the service of the countess Marie, to whom she is devotedly attached. After the recapture of Ernest (“the prisoner of State”), she goes boldly to king Frederick II., from whom she obtains his pardon. Being set at liberty, Ernest marries the countess.—Stirling: The Prisoner of State (1847).

Christmas Carol (A), a Christmas story in prose by Dickens (1843). The subject is the conversion of Scrooge, “a grasping old sinner,” to generous good temper, by a series of dreams. Scrooge’s clerk is Bob Cratchit. The moral influence of this story was excellent. It is an admirable Christmas tale.

Christmas Day, called “the day of new clothes,” from an old French custom of giving those who belonged to the court new cloaks on that day.

On Christmas Eve, 1245, the king [Louis IX.] bade all his court be present at early morning mass. At the chapel door each man received his new cloak, put it on, and went in…As the day rose, each man saw on his neighbour’s shoulder betokened “the crusading vow.”—Kitchin: History of France, i. 328.

Christopher (St.), a saint of the Roman and Greek Churches, said to have lived in the third c entury. His pagan name was Offerus, his body was twelve ells in height, and he lived in the land of Canaan. Offerus made a vow to serve only the mightiest; so, thinking the emperor was “the mightiest,” he entered his service. But one day the emperor crossed himself for fear of the devil, and the giant perceived that there was one mightier than his present master, so he quitted his service for that of the devil. After a while, Offerus discovered that the devil was afraid of the cross, whereupon he enlisted under Christ, employing himself in carrying pilgrims across a deep stream. One day, a very small child was carried

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