because he is greater in his dominion, and in the state which he keeps, than those other princes of Malabar; and he is subject to the King of Narsinga.”—Barros, I. ix. 1.

1609.—“The said Governor has written to me that most of the kings adjacent to our State, whom he advised of the coming of the rebels, had sent replies in a good spirit, with expressions of friendship, and with promises not to admit the rebels into their ports, all but him of Travancor, from whom no answer had yet come.”—King of Spain’s Letter, in Livros das Monções, p. 257.

TRIBENY, n.p. Skt. tri-veni, ‘th reefold braid’; a name which pro perly belongs to Prayaga (Allahabad), where the three holy rivers, Ganges, Jumna, and (unse en) Sarasvati are considered to unite. But local requirements have instituted another Tribeni in the Ganges Delta, by bestowing the name of Jumna and Sarasvati on two streams connected with the Hugli. The Bengal Tribeni gives name to a village, which is a place of great sanctity, and to which the melas or religious fairs attract many visitors.

1682.—“…if I refused to stay there he would certainly stop me again at Trippany some miles further up the River.”—Hedges, Diary, Oct. 14; [Hak. Soc. i. 38].

1705.—“…pendant la Lune de Mars…il arrive la Fête de Tripigny, c’est un Dieu enfermé dans une maniere de petite Mosquée, qui est dans le milieu d’une tresgrande pleine…au bord du Gange.”—Luillier, 69.

1753.—“Au-dessous de Nudia, à Tripini, dont le nom signifie trois eaux, le Gange fait encore sortir du même côte un canal, qui par sa rentrée, forme une seconde île renfermée dans la première.”—D’Anville, 64.

TRICHIES, TRITCHIES, s. The familiar name of the cheroots made at Trichinopoly; long, and rudely made, with a straw inserted at the end for the mouth. They are (or were) cheap and coarse, but much liked by those used to them. Mr. C. P. Brown, referring to his etymology of Trichinopoly under the succeeding article, derives the word cheroot from the form of the name which he assigns. But this, like his etymology of the place-name, is entirely wrong (see CHEROOT). Some excellent practical scholars seem to be entirely without the etymological sense.

1876.—“Between whiles we smoked, generally Manillas, now supplanted by foul Dindiguls and fetid Trichies.”—Burton, Sind Revisited, i. 7.

TRICHINOPOLY, n.p. A district and once famous rock-fort of S. India. The etymology and proper form of the name has been the subject of much difference. Mr. C. P. Brown gives the true name as Chiruta- palli, ‘Little-Town.’ But this may be safely rejected as mere guess, inconsistent with facts. The earliest occurrence of the name on an inscription is (about 1520) as Tiru-ssilla-palli, apparently ‘Holy-rock-town.’ In the Tevaram the place is said to be mentioned under the name of Sirapalli. Some derive it from Tri-sira-puram, ‘Three-head-town,’ with allusion to a ‘three-headed demon.’ [The Madras Gloss. gives Tiruccinappalli, tiru, ‘holy,’ shina, ‘the plant cissampelos pareira, L. palli, ‘village.’] 1677.—“Tritchenapali.”—A. Bassing, in Valentijn, v. (Ceylon), 300.

1741.—“The Maratas concluded the campaign by putting this whole Peninsula under contribution as far as C. Cumerim, attacking, conquering, and retaining the city of Tiruxerapali, capital of Madura, and taking prisoner the Nabab who governed it.”—Report of the Port. Viceroy, in Bosquejo das Possessões, &c., Documentos, ed. 1853, iii. 19.

1753.—“Ces embouchûres sont en grand nombre, vû la division de ce fleuve en différens bras ou canaux, à remonter jusqu’á Tirishirapali, et à la pagode de Shirangham.”—D’Anville, 115.

1761.—“After the battle Mahommed Ali Khan, son of the late nabob, fled to Truchinapolli, a place of great strength.”—Complete Hist. of the War in India, 1761, p. 3.

  By PanEris using Melati.

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