TO TIFF to TIGER
1803.He hesitated, and we were interrupted by a summons to tiff at Floyers. After tiffin Close said he should be glad to go.Elphinstone, in Life, i. 116.
The huntsman now informed them all
The Grand Master, or Adventures of Qui Hi, by Quiz (Canto viii.).
[Burrawa is probably H. bharua, a pander.]The following, which has just met our eye, is bad grammar, according to Anglo-Indian use:
1885.Look here, RANDOLPH, dont you know, said Sir PEEL, Here youve been gallivanting through India, riding on elephants, and tiffining with Rajahs. Punch, Essence of Parliament, April 25, p. 204.
TIGER, s. The royal tiger was apparently first known to the Greeks by the expedition of Alexander, and
a little later by a live one which Seleucus sent to Athens. The animal became, under the Emperors,
well known to the Romans, but fell out of the knowledge of Europe in later days, till it again became
familiar in India. The Greek and Latin [Greek Text] tigriV, tigris, is said to be from the old Persian word
for an arrow, tigra, which gives the modern Pers. (and Hind.) tir.1 Pliny says of the River Tigris: a
celeritate Tigris incipit vocari. Ita appellant Medi sagittam (vi. 27). In speaking of the animal and its
velocitatis tremendae, Pliny evidently glances at this etymology, real or imaginary. So does Pausanias
probably, in his remarks on its colour. [This view of the origin of the name is accepted by Schrader (Prehist.
Ant. of the Aryan Peoples, E.T. 250), who writes: Nothing like so far back in the history of the Indo-
Europeans does the lions dreadful rival for supremacy over the beasts, the tiger, go. In India the songs
of the Rigveda have nothing to say about him; his name (vyághrá) first occurs in the Atharvaveda, i.e. at
a time when the Indian immigration must have extended much farther towards the Ganges; for it is in
the reeds and grasses of Bengal that we have to look for the tigers proper home. Nor is he mentioned
among the beasts of prey in the Avesta. The district of Hyrcania, whose numerous tigers the later writers
of antiquity speak of with especial frequency, was then called Vchrkana, wolf-land. It is, therefore, not
that the tiger has spread in relatively late times from India over portions of W. and N. Asia.]
c. B.C. 325.The Indians think the Tiger ( [Greek Text] ton tigrin) a great deal stronger than the
elephant. Nearchus says he saw the skin of a tiger, but did not see the beast itself, and that the Indians
assert the tiger to be as big as the biggest horse; whilst in swiftness and strength there is no creature
to be compared to him. And when he engages the elephant he springs on its head, and easily throttles
it. Moreover, the creatures which we have seen and call tigers are only jackals which are dappled,
and of a kind bigger than ordinary jackals.Arrian, Indica, xv. We apprehend that this big dappled
jackal ( [Greek Text] qwV) is meant for a hyaena.
A. Weve seen the tigress ( [Greek Text] thn tigrin) that Seleucus sent us;
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