successors, by a Firman from the Sophi or Emperor.Lockyer, 220.
1727.The whole Reign of the
last Sophi or King, was managed by such Vermin, that the Ballowches and Mackrans
threw off the
Yoke of Obedience first, and in full Bodies fell upon their Neighbours in Caramania.A. Hamilton, i.
108; [ed. 1744, i. 105].
1815.The Suffavean monarchs were revered and deemed holy on account of
their descent from a saint.Malcolm, H. of Pers. ii. 427.
1828.It is thy happy destiny to follow in the
train of that brilliant star whose light shall shed a lustre on Persia, unknown since the days of the earlier
Soofees.J. B. Fraser, The Kuzzilbash, i. 192.
SOUBA, SOOBAH, s. Hind. from Pers. suba. A large Division or Province of the Mogul Empire (e.g.
the Subah of the Deccan, the Subah of Bengal). The word is also frequently used as short for Subadar
(see SOUBADAR), the Viceroy (over a suba). It is also among the Mar
athas sometimes applied to a smaller division comprising from 5 to 8 tarafs (Wilson).
c. 1594.In the fortieth year of his majestys reign, his dominions consisted of 105 Sircars.
empire was then parcelled into 12 grand divisions, and each was committed to the government of a
upon which occasion the Sovereign of the world distributed 12 Lacks of beetle. The names
of the Soobahs were Allahabad, Agra, Owdh, Ajmeer, Ahmedabad, Bahar, Bengal, Dehly, Cabul, Lahoor,
Multan, and Malwa: when his majesty conquered Berar, Khandeess, and Ahmednagur, they were formed
into three Soobahs, increasing the number to 15.Ayeen, ed. Gladwin, ii. 15; [ed. Jarrett, ii. 115].
of this rank are called Subahs. Nizam al muluck was Subah of the Decan (or Southern)
The Nabobs of Condanore, Cudapah, Carnatica, Yalore, &c., the Kings of Tritchinopoly,
Mysore, Tanjore, are subject to this Subah-ship. Here is a subject ruling a larger empire than any in
Europe, excepting that of the Muscovite.Orme, Fragments, 398399.
1760.Those Emirs or Nabobs,
who govern great Provinces, are stiled Subahs, which imports the same as Lord-Lieutenants or Vice-
Roys.Memoirs of the Revolution in Bengal, p. 6.
1763.From the word Soubah, signifying a province,
the Viceroy of this vast territory (the Deccan) is called Soubahdar, and by the Europeans improperly
Soubah.Orme, i. 35.
1765.Let us have done with this ringing of changes upon Soubahs; theres
no end to it. Let us boldly dare to be Soubah ourselves.
Holwell, Hist. Events, &c., i. 183.
broke their treaty with him, in which they stipulated to pay 400,000l. a year to the Subah of Bengal.Burkes
Speech on Foxs India Bill, Works, iii. 468.
1804.It is impossible for persons to have behaved
in a more shuffling manner than the Soubahs servants have.
Wellington, ed. 1837, iii. 11.
(pillars) had been removed from a sacred building by Monsieur Dupleix, when he assumed the
rank of Soubah.Lord Valentia, i. 373.
1823.The Delhi Sovereigns whose vast empire was divided
into Soubahs, or Governments, each of which was ruled by a Soubahdar or Viceroy.Malcolm, Cent.
India, i. 2.
SOUBADAR, SUBADAR, s. Hind. from Pers. subadar, one holding a suba (see SOUBA).
Viceroy, or Governor of a suba.
b. A local commandant or chief officer.
c. The chief native officer of a
company of Sepoys; under the original constitution of such companies, its actual captain.
a. See SOUBA.
1673.The Subidar of the Town being a Person of Quality
he (the Ambassador) thought good to
give him a Visit.Fryer, 77.c.
1805.The first thing that the Subidar of Vire Rajendra Pettah did, to my
utter astonishment, was to come up and give me such a shake by the hand, as would have done credit
to a Scotsman.Letter in Leydens Life, 49.
Read the former from Tellicherry adviseing that
in a day or two they shall
despatch another Subidar with 129 more Sepoys to our assistance.MS. Consultations at Fort St.
David, in India Office.
1760.One was the Subahdar, equivalent to the Captain of a Company.Orme,
the Subahdars or commanding officers of the black troops.Carraccioli, L.
of Clive, iii. 174.
1787.A Troop of Native Cavalry on the present Establishment consists of 1 European
Subaltern, 1 European Serjeant, 1 Subidar, 3 Jemadars, 4 Havildars, 4 Naiques (naik), 1 Trumpeter,
1 Farrier, and 68 Privates.Regns. for the Hon. Comp.s Black Troops on the Coast of Coromandel,
&c., p. 6.