SOPHY to SOUBADAR
SOPHY, n.p. The name by which the King of Persia was long known in EuropeThe Sophy, as the
Sultan of Turkey was The Turk or Grand Turk, and the King of Delhi the Great Mogul. This title
represented Sufi, Sàfavi, or Safi,
the name of
dynasty which reigned over Persia for more than two
centuries (14491722, nominally to 1736). The first king of the family was Ismail, claiming descent from
Ali and the Imams, through a long line of persons of saintly reputation at Ardebil. The surname of Sufi or Safi assumed by Ismail is generally supposed to have been taken from Shaikh Safi-ud-din, the first of his more recent ancestors to become famous, and who belonged to the class of Sufis or philosophic devotees. After Ismail the most famous of the dynasty was Shah Abbas (15851629).
c. 1524.Susiana, quae est Shushan Palatium illud regni Sophii.Abraham Peritsol, in Hyde, Syntagma
Dissertt. i. 76.
1560.De que o Sufi foy contente, e mandou gente em su ajuda.Terceiro, ch. i.
Quae regiones nomine Persiae ei regnantur quem Turcae Chislibas, nos Sophi vocamus.Busbeq.
Epist. iii. (171).
1561.The Queenes Maiesties Letters to the great Sophy of Persia, sent by M.
Elizabetha Dei gratia Angliae Franciae et Hiberinae Regina, &c. Potentissimo et
inuictissimo Principi, Magno Sophi Persarum, Medorum, Hircanorum, Carmanorum, Margianorum,
populorum cis et vltra Tygrim fluuium, et omnium intra Mare Caspium et Persicum Sinum nationum atque
Gentium Imperatori salutem et rerum prosperarum foelicissimum incrementum.In Hakl. i. 381.
King of Persia (whom here we call the great Sophy) is not there so called, but is called the Shaugh.
It were dangerous to call him by the name of Sophy, because that Sophy in the Persian tongue is a
beggar, and it were as much as to call him The great beggar.Geffrey Ducket, ibid. i. 447.]
all the Kings continued so with the name of Xa, which in Persia is a King, and Ishmael is a proper
name, whereby Xa Ismael, and Xa Thamas are as much as to say King Ismael, and King Thamas, and
of the Turkes and Rumes are called Suffy or Soffy, which signifieth a great Captaine.Linschoten,
ch. xxvii.; [Hak. Soc. i. 173].
Sir Toby. Why, man, hes a very devil: I have not seen such a firago
say, he has been fencer to the Sophy.Twelfth Night, III. iv.
[c. 1610.This King or Sophy,
who is called the Great Chaa.Pyrard de Laval, Hak. Soc. ii. 253.]
1619.Alla porta di Sciah Sofi, si
sonarono nacchere tutto il giorno: ed insomma tutta la città e tutto il popolo andò in allegrezza, concorrendo
infinita gente alla meschita di Schia Sofi, a far Gratiarum actionem.P. della Valle, i. 808.
Were it to bring the Great Turk bound in chains
Through France in triumph, or to couple up
and great Prester-John together;
I would attempt it.
Beaum. & Fletch., The Noble Gentleman, v. 1.
c. 1630.Ismael at his Coronation proclaimd himself King of Persia by the name of Pot-shaw (Padshaw)-
Ismael-Sophy. Whence that word Sophy was borrowed is much controverted. Whether it be from the
Armenian idiom, signifying Wooll, of which the Shashes are made that ennobled his new order. Whether
the name was from Sophy his grandsire, or from the Greek word Sophos imposed upon Aydar at
his conquest of Trebizond by the Greeks there, I know not. Since then, many have called the Kings
of Persia Sophys: but I see no reason for it; since Ismaels son, grand and great grandsons Kings of
Persia never continued that name, till this that now reigns, whose name indeed is Soffee, but casuall.Sir
T. Herbert, ed. 1638, 286.
1643.Y avoit vn Ambassadeur Persien qui auoit esté enuoyé en Europe
de la part du Grand Sophy Roy de Perse.Mocquet, Voyages, 269.
As when the Tartar from his Russian foe,
By Astracan, over the snowy plains
Retires; or Bactrian Sophy,
from the horns
Of Turkish crescent, leaves all waste beyond
The realm of Aladule, in his retreat
Paradise Lost, x. 431 seqq.
1673.But the Suffees Vicar-General is by his Place the Second Person in the Empire, and always
the first Minister of State.Fryer 338.
1681.La quarta parte comprehende el Reyno de Persia, cuyo
Señor se llama en estos tiempos, el Gran Sophi.Martinez, Compendio, 6.
of the Companys good Services
they had half of the Customs of Gombroon given them, and their