MANDARIN LANGUAGE to MANGALORE
MANDARIN LANGUAGE, s. The language spoken by the official and literary class in China, as opposed to local dialects. In Chinese it is called Kuan-Hua. It is substantially the language of the people of the northern and middle zones of China, extending to Yun-nan. It is not to be confounded with the literary style which is used in books. [See Ball, Things Chinese, 169 seq.]
1674.The Language is called Quenhra (hua), or the Language of Mandarines, because as they spread their command they introduced it, and it is used throughout all the Empire, as Latin in Europe. It is very barren, and as it has more Letters far than any other, so it has fewer words.Faria y Sousa, E.T. ii. 468.
MANGALORE, n.p. The only place now well known by this name is (a) Mangal-ur, a port on the coast
of Southern Canara and chief town of that district, in lat. 12° 51 N. In Mir Husain Alis Life of Haidar it is
called Gorial Bunder, perhaps a corr. of Kandial, which is said in the Imp. Gaz. to be the modern
native name. [There is a place called Gurupura close by; see Madras Gloss. S.V. Goorpore.] The
name in this form is found in an inscription of the 11th century, whatever may have been its original form
and etymology. [The present name is said to be taken from the temple of Mangala Devi.] But the name
in approximate forms (from mañgala, gladness) is common in India. One other port (b) on the coast of
Peninsular Guzerat was formerly well known, now commonly called Mungrole. And another place of the
name (c) Manglavar in the valley of Swat, north of Peshawar, is mentioned by Hwen Tsang as a city of
Gandhara. It is probably the same that appears in Skt. literature (see Williams, S.V. Mangala) as the
capital of Udyana.
c. 150.[Greek Text] Metaxu de tou Yeudostomou kai tou BarioV poleiV aide Magganour. Ptolemy, VII. i. 86.b. Mangalor or Mungrole in Guzerat.
c. 150.[Greek Text] SurastrhnhV[Greek Text] Mohoglwssoh emporion Ptolemy, VII. i. 3.
1516. there is another town of commerce, which has a very good port, and is called Surati Mangalor, where also many ships of Malabar touch.Barbosa, 59.c. Manglavar in Swat.
c. 630.Le royaume de Ou-tchang-na (Oudyâna) a environ 5000 li de tour on compte 4 ou 5 villes fortifiées. La pluspart des rois de ce pays ont pris pour capitale la ville de Moung-kie-li (Moungali). La population est fort nombreuse.Hwen T sang, in Pèl. Bouddh. ii. 131-2.
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