KUZZANNA to KYTHEE
KUZZANNA, s. Ar.H. khizana, or khazana, a treasury. [In Ar. khazinah, or khaznah, means a
treasure, representing 1000 kis or purses, each worth about £5 (see Burton, Ar. Nights, i. 405).] It is
the usual word for the district and general treasuries in British India; and khazanchi for the treasurer.
1683.Ye Kings Duan (see DEWAUN) had demanded of them 8000 Rupees on account of remains of
last years Tallecas (see TALLICA)
ordering his Peasdast (Peshdast, an assistant) to see it suddenly
paid in ye Kings Cuzzanna.Hedges, Diary, Hak. Soc. i. 103.
[1757.A mint has been established
in Calcutta; continue coining gold and silver into Siccas and Mohurs
they shall pass current in the
provinces of Bengal, Bahar and Orissa, and be received into the Cadganna.
Perwannah from Jaffier
Ally Khan, in Verelst, App. 145.]
KUZZILBASH, n.p. Turki kizilbash, red-head. This title has been since the days of the Safavi (see
ty in Persia, applied to the Persianized Turks, who form the ruling class in that country,
from the red caps which they wore. The class is also settled extensively over Afghanistan. [At Kabul, writes Bellew (Races of Afghanistan, 107), he (Nadir) left as chandaul, or rear guard, a detachment
of 12,000 of his Kizilbash (so named from the red caps they wore), or Mughal Persian troop
the death of Nadir they remained at Kabul as a military colony, and their descendants occupy a distinct quarter of the city, which is called Chandaul. These Kizilbash hold their own ground here, as a distinct
Persian community of the Shia persuasion, against the native population of the Sunni profession. They
constitute an important element in the general population of the city, and exercise a considerable influence
in its local politics. Owing to their isolated position and antagonism to the native population, they are
favourably inclined to the British authority.] Many of them used to take service with the Delhi emperors; and
not a few do so now in our frontier cavalry regiments.
c. 1510.Lvsanza loro è di portare vna berretta rossa, chauanza sopra la testa mezzo braccio, a
guisa dvn zon (like a top), che dalla parte, che si mette in testa, vine a essar larga, ristringendosi tuttauia
sino in cima, et è fatta con dodici coste grosse vn dito
ne mai tagliano barba ne mostacchi.G. M.
Angiolello, in Ramusio, ii. f. 74.
1550.Oltra il deserto che è sopra il-Corassam fino à Samarcand
Iescil bas, cioè le berrette verdi, le quali benette verdi sono alcuni Tartari Musulmani che portano le loro
berrette di feltro verde acute, e cosi si fanno chiamare à differentia de Soffiani suoi capitali nemici che
signoreggiano la Persia, pur anche essi Musulmani, i quali portano le berrette rosse, quali berrette
verdi e rosse, hanno continuamente hauuta fra se guerra crudelissima per causa di diversità di opinione
nella loro religione.Chaggi Memet, in Ramusio, ii. f. 16v. Beyond the desert above Corassam, as
far as Samarkand and the idolatrous cities, the Yeshilbas (Iescilbas) or Green-caps, are predominant.
These Green-caps are certain Musulman Tartars who wear pointed caps of green felt, and they are so
called to distinguish them from their chief enemies the Soffians, who are predominant in Persia, who are
indeed also Musulmans, but who wear red caps.
1574.These Persians are also called Red Turks,
which I believe is because they have behind on their Turbants, Red Marks, as Cotton Ribbands &c. with
Red Brims, whereby they are soon discerned from other Nations.Rauwolff, 173.
who are the soldiers whom they esteem most highly.Gouvea, f. 143.
1653.Ie visité le keselbache
qui y commande vne petite forteresse, duquel ie receu beaucoup de civilitez.De La Boullaye-le-Gouz,
ed. 1657, pp. 2845.
Keselbache est vn mot composé de Kesel, qui signifie rouge, et bachi, teste,
comme qui diroit teste rouge, et par ce terme sentendent les gens de guerre de Perse, à cause du
bonnet de Sophi qui est rouge.Ibid. 545.
1673.Those who compose the Main Body of the Cavalry,
are the Cusle-Bashees, or with us the Chevaliers.Fryer, 356. Fryer also writes Cusselbash (Index).
seven Turkish tribes, who had been the chief promoters of his (Ismails) glory and success, were
distinguished by a particular dress; they wore a red cap, from which they received the Turkish name
of Kuzelbash, or golden heads, which has descended to their posterity.Malcolm, H. of Persia, ii.
1828.The Kuzzilbash, a Tale of Khorasan. By James Baillie Fraser.
1883.For there are rats
and rats, and a man of average capacity may as well hope to distinguish scientifically between Ghilzais,
Kuki Kheyls, Logar Maliks, Shigwals, Ghazis, Jezailchis, Hazaras, Logaris, Wardaks, Mandozais, Lepel-
Griffin, and Kizilbashes, as to master the division of the great race of rats.Tribes on My Frontier, 15.