KITTYSOL to KLING
KITTYSOL, KITSOL, s. This word survived till lately in the Indian Tariff, but it is otherwise long obsolete.
It was formerly in common use for an umbrella, and especially for the kind, made of bamboo and paper,
imported from China, such as the English fashion of to-day has adopted to screen fire-places in summer.
The word is Portuguese, quita - sol, bar - sun. Also tirasole occurs in Scots Discourse of Java, quoted
below from Purchas. See also Hulsius, Coll. of Voyages, in German, 1602, i. 27. [Mr. Skeat points
out that in Howisons Malay Dict. (1801) we have, s.v. Payong: A kittasol, sombrera, which is nearer
to the Port. original than any of the examples given since 1611. This may be due to the strong Portuguese
influence at Malacca.]
1588.The present was fortie peeces of silke
a litter chaire and guilt, and two quitasoles of silke.Parkess
Mendoza, ii. 105.
Before the shewes came, the King was brought out vpon a mans
shoulders, bestriding his necke, and the man holding his legs before him, and had many rich tyrasoles
carried ouer and round about him.E. Scot, in Purchas, i. 181.
1611.Of Kittasoles of State for
to shaddow him, there bee twentie (in the Treasury of Akbar).Hawkins, in Purchas, i. 215.
solls (or sombreros).Foster, Letters, ii. 207.]
1615.The China Capt., Andrea Dittis, retorned
from Langasaque and brought me a present from his brother, viz., I faire Kitesoll.
Cockss Diary, i.
above his head was borne two Kippe-soles, or Sun-skreens, made of Paper.Van Twist,
1673.Little but rich Kitsolls (which are the names of several Countries for Umbrelloes).Fryer,
1687.They (the Aldermen of Madras) may be allowed to have Kettysols over them.Letter of
Court of Directors, in Wheeler, i. 200.
vulgo effertur Peritsol
aliquando paulo aliter
et utrumque rectius pronuntiandum est Paresol vel potius Parasol cujus significatio Appellativa
est, i. q. Quittesol seu une Ombrelle, quâ in calidioribus regionibus utuntur homines ad caput a sole
tuendum.Hydes Preface to Travels of Abraham Peritsol, p. vii., in Syntag. Dissertt. i.
No Man in
India, no not the Moguls Son, is permitted the Priviledge of wearing a Kittisal or Umbrella.
of the Umbrella is sacred to the Prince, appropriated only to his use.Ovington, 315.
a Roundell, or Quit de Soleil over your head.Ives, 50.
1759.In Expenses of Nawabs entertainment
at Calcutta, we find: A China Kitysol
Rs. 3 ½.Long, 194.
1761.A chart of Chittagong, by Barth.
Plaisted, marks on S. side of Chittagong R., an umbrella-like tree, called Kittysoll Tree.
finish the whole, a Kittesaw (a kind of umbrella) is suspended not infrequently over the ladys head.Diary,
in Busteed, Echoes, 3rd ed. 112.]
1792.In those days the Ketesal, which is now sported by
our very Cooks and Boat-swains, was prohibited, as I have heard, dyou see, to any one below the rank
of field officer.Letter, in Madras Courier, May 3.
1813.In the table of exports from Macao, we find:
large, 2,000 to 3,000, do. small, 8,000 to 10,000, Milburn, ii. 464.
of paper, or Kettysolls.Indian Tariff.
In another table of the same year Chinese paper Kettisols,
valuation Rs. 30 for a box of 110, duty 5 per cent. (See CHATTA, ROUNDEL, UMBRELLA.)
KITTYSOL-BOY, s. A servant who carried an umbrella over his master. See Milburn, ii. 62. (See examples
KLING, n.p. This is the name (Kaling) applied in the Malay countries, including our Straits Settlements,
to the people of Continental India who trade thither, or are settled in those regions, and to the descendants
of those settlers. [Mr. Skeat remarks: The standard Malay form is not Kaling, which is the Sumatran
form, but Keling (Kling or Kling). The Malay use of the word is, as a rule, restricted to Tamils, but it is
very rarely used in a wider sense.]
The name is a form of Kalinga, a very ancient name for the region
known as the Northern Circars, (q.v.), i.e. the Telugu coast of the Bay of Bengal, or, to express it
otherwise in general terms, for that coast which extends from the Kistna to the Mahanadi. The Kalingas
also appear frequently, after the Pauranic fashion, as an ethnic name in the old Sanskrit lists of races.
pears in the earliest of Ind
ian inscriptions, viz. in the edicts of Asoka, and specifically in that famous edict (XIII.) remaining in fragments at Girnar and Kapurdi-giri, and more completely at Khalsi, which preserves the link, almost unique from the Indian side, connecting the histories of India and of the
Greeks, by recording the names of Antiochus, Ptolemy, Antigonus, Magas, and Alexander.
Kalinga is a
kingdom constantly mentioned in the Buddhist and historical legends of Ceylon; and we find commemoration
of the kingdom of Kalinga and of the capital city of Kalinganagara (e.g. in Ind. Antiq. iii. 152, x.
243). It was from a daughter of a King of Kalinga that sprang, according to the Mahawanso, the famous