CHARPOY to CHEECHEE
CHARPOY, s. H. charpai, from P. chihar-pai (i.e. four-feet), the common Indian bedstead, sometimes
of very rude materials, but in other cases handsomely wrought and painted. It is correctly described in
the quotation from Ibn Batuta.
c. 1350.The beds in India are very light. A single man can carry one, and every traveller should have
his own bed, which his slave carries about on his head. The bed consists of four conical legs, on which
four staves are laid ; between they plait a sort of ribbon of silk or cotton. When you lie on it you need
nothing else to render the bed sufficiently elastic. iii. 380.
c. 1540.Husain Khan Tashtdár was sent
on some business from Bengal. He went on travelling night and day. Whenever sleep came over him
he placed himself on a bed (chahar-pai) and the villagers carried him along on their shoulders.MS.
quoted in Elliot, iv. 418.
1662.Turbans, long coats, trowsers, shoes, and sleeping on chárpáis, are
quite unusual.H. of Mir Jumlas Invasion of Assam, transl. by Blochmann, J.A.S.B. xli. pt. i. 80.
syce at Mozuffernuggar, lying asleep on a charpoy
was killed by a tame buck goring him in the side
was supposed in play.Baldwin, Large and Small Game of Bengal, 195.
1883.After a gallop across
country, he would rest on a charpoy, or country bed, and hold an impromptu levee of all the village
folk.C. Raikes, in L. of L. Laurence, i. 57.
CHATTA, s. An umbrella ; H. chhata, chhatr ; Skt. chhatra.
c. 900.He is clothed in a waist-cloth, and holds in his hand a thing called a Jatra ; this is an umbrella
made of peacocks feathers.Reinaud, Relations, &c. 154.
c. 1340.They hoist upon these elephants
as many chatras, or umbrellas of silk, mounted with many precious stones, and with handles of pure
gold.Ibn Batuto, iii. 228.
c. 1354.But as all the Indians commonly go naked, they are in the habit
of carrying a thing like a little tent-roof on a cane handle, which they open out at will as a protection
against sun and rain. This they call a chatyr. I brought one home to Florence with me.
in Cathay, &c. p. 381.
1673.Thus the chief Naik with his loud Musick
an Ensign of Red, Swallow-
tailed, several Chitories, little but rich Kitsolls (which are the Names of several Countries for Umbrelloes).
[1694.3 chatters.Hedges, Diary, Hak. Soc. ii. cclxv.
[1826.Another as my chitree-
burdar or umbrella-carrier.Pandurang Hari, ed. 1873, i. 28.]
CHATTY, s. An earthen pot, spheroidal in shape. It is a S. Indian word, but is tolerably familiar in the
Anglo-Indian parlance of N. India also, though the H. Ghurra (ghara) is more commonly used there.
The word is Tam. shati, shatti, Tel. chatti, which appears in Pali as chadi.
1781.In honour of His Majestys birthday we had for dinner fowl cutlets and a flour pudding, and drank
his health in a chatty of sherbet.Narr. of an Officer of Baillies Detachment, quoted in Lives of the
Lindsays, iii. 285.
1829.The chatties in which the women carry water are globular earthen vessels,
with a bell-mouth at top.Mem. of Col. Mountain, 97.
CHAW, s. For cha, i.e. Tea (q.v.).
a silver chaw pot and a fan to Capt. China wife.Cockss Diary, i. 215.
CHAWBUCK, s. and v. A whip ; to whip. An obsolete vulgarism from P. chabuk, alert ; in H. a horsewhip.
It seems to be the same as the sjambok in use at the Cape, and apparently carried from India (see the
quotation from Van Twist). [Mr. Skeat points out that Klinkert gives chambok or sambok, as Javanese
forms, the standard Malay being chabok or chabuk ; and this perhaps suggests that the word may
have been introduced by Malay grooms once largely employed at the Cape.] 1648.
Poor and little thieves
are flogged with a great whip (called Siamback) several days in succession.Van Twist, 29.
any suspicion of default he has a Black Guard that by a Chawbuck, a great Whip, extorts Confession.Fryer,
1673.The one was of an Armenian, Chawbucked through the City for selling of Wine.Ibid.
Ramgivan, our Vekeel there (at Hugly) was sent for by Permesuradass, Bulchunds
servant, who immediately clapt him in prison. Ye same day was brought forth and slippered ; the next
day he was beat on ye soles of his feet, ye third day Chawbuckt, and ye 4th drubd till he could not
speak, and all to force a writing in our names to pay Rupees 50,000 for custome of ye Silver brought