HAVILDAR’S GUARD, s. There is a common way of cooking the fry of fresh-water fish (a little larger than whitebait) as a breakfast dish, by frying them in rows of a dozen or so, spitted on a small skewer. On the Bombay side this dish is known by the whimsical name in question.

HAZREE, s. This word is commonly used in Anglo-Indian households in the Bengal Presidency for ‘breakfast.’ It is not clear how it got this meaning. [The earlier sense was religious, as below.] It is properly haziri, ‘muster,’ from the Ar. hazir, ‘ready or present.’ (See CHOTA-HAZRY.)

[1832.—“The Sheeahs prepare hazree (breakfast) in the name of his holiness Abbas Allee Ullum-burdar, Hosein’s step-brother; i.e. they cook polaoo, rotee, curries, &c., and distribute them.”—Herklots, Qanoon- e-Islam, ed. 1863, p. 183.]

HENDRY KENDRY, n.p. Two islands off the coast of the Concan, abou t 7 m. south of the entrance to Bombay Harbour, and now belonging to Kolaba District. The names, according to Ph. Anderson, are Haneri and Khaneri; in the Admy. chart they are Oonari, and Khundari. They are also variously written (the one) Hundry, Ondera, Hunarey, Henery, and (the other) Kundra, Cundry, Cunarey, Kenery. The real names are given in the Bombay Gazetteer as Underi and Khanderi. Both islands were piratically occupied as late as the beginning of the 19th century. Khanderi passed to us in 1818 as part of the Peshwa’s territory; Underi lapsed in 1840. [Sir G. Bird-wood (Rep. on Old Records, 83), describing the “Consultations” of 1679, writes: “At page 69, notice of ‘Sevagee’ fortifying ‘Hendry Kendry,’ the twin islets, now called Henery (i.e. Vondari, ‘Mouse-like,’ Kenery (i.e. Khandari), i.e. ‘Sacred to Khandaroo.’” The former is thus derived from Skt. undaru, unduru, ‘a rat’; the latter from Mahr. Khanderav, ‘Lord of the Sword,’ a form of Siva.] 1673.—“These islands are in number seven; viz. Bombaim, Canorein, Trumbay, Elephanto, the Putachoes, Munchumbay, and Kerenjau, with the Rock of Henry Kenry.…”—Fryer, 61.

1681.—“Although we have formerly wrote you that we will have no war for Hendry Kendry, yet all war is so contrary to our constitution, as well as our interest, that we cannot too often inculcate to you our aversion thereunto.”—Court of Directors to Surat, quoted in Anderson’s Western India, p. 175.

1727.—“…four Leagues south of Bombay, are two small Islands Undra, and Cundra. The first has a Fortress belonging to the Sedee, and the other is fortified by the Sevajee, and is now in the Hands of Connajee Angria.”—A. Hamilton, i. 243; [ed. 1744].

c. 1760.—“At the harbor’s mouth lie two small fortified rocks, called Henara and Canara.…These were formerly in the hands of Angria, and the Siddees, or Moors, which last have long been dispossest of them.”—Grose, i. 58.

HERBED, s. A Parsee priest, no specially engaged in priestly duties. Pers. hirbad, from Pahlavi aêrpat.

1630.—“The Herbood or ordinary Churchman.”—Lord’s Display, ch. viii.

HICKMAT, s. Ar.—H. hikmat; an ingenious device or contrivance. (See under HAKIM.) 1838.—“The house has been roofed in, and my relative has come up from Meerut, to have the slates put on after some peculiar hikmat of his own.”—Wanderings of a Pilgrim, ii. 240.

HIDGELEE, n.p. The tract so called was under native rule a chakla, or district, of Orissa, and under our rule formerly a zilla of Bengal; but now it is a part of th e Midnapur Zilla, of which it constitutes the S.E. portion, viz. the low coast lands on the west side of the Hoogly estuary, and below the junction of the Rupnarayan. The name is properly Hijili; but it has gone through many strange phases in European records.

1553.—“The first of these rivers (from the E. side of the Ghauts) rises from two sources to the east of Chaul, about 15 leagues distant, and in an altitude of 18 to 19 degrees. The river from the most northerly of these sources is called Crusna, and the more southerly Benkora, and when they combine they are called Ganga: and this river discharges into the illustrious stream of the Ganges between the two places called Angeli and Picholda in about 22 degrees.”—Barros, I. ix. 1.

1586.—“An haven which is called Angeli in the Country of Orixa.”—Fitch, in Hakl. ii. 389.

1686.—“Chanock, on the 15th December (1686)…burned and destroyed all the magazines of salt, and granaries of rice, which he found in the way between Hughley and the island of Ingelee.”—Orme (reprint), ii. 12.

1726.—“Hingeli.”—Valentijn, v. 158.


  By PanEris using Melati.

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