FOOZILOW, TO, v. The imperative p’huslao of the H. verb p’huslana, ‘to flatter or cajole,’ used, in a common Anglo-Indian fashion (see BUNNOW, PUCKAROW, LUGOW), as a verbal infinitive.

FORAS LANDS, s. This is a term peculiar to the island of Bombay, and an inheritance from the Portuguese. They are lands reclaimed from the sea, by the construction of the Vellard (q.v.) at Breech-Candy, and other embankments, on which account they are also known as ‘Salt Batty [see BATTA] (i.e. rice) - grounds.’ The Court of Directors, to encourage reclamation, in 1703 authorised these lands to be leased rent-free to the reclaimers for a number of years, after which a small quit-rent was to be fixed. But as individuals would not undertake the maintenance of the embankments, the Government stepped in and constructed the Vellard at considerable expense. The lands were then let on terms calculated to compensate the Government. The tenure of the lands, under these circumstances, for many years gave rise to disputes and litigation as to tenant-right, the right of Government to resume, and other like subjects. The lands were known by the title Foras, from the peculiar tenure, which should perhaps be Foros, from foro, ‘a quit-rent.’ The Indian Act VI. of 1851 arranged for the termination of these differences, by extinguishing the disputed rights of Government, except in regard to lands taken up for public purposes, and by the constitution of a Foras Land Commission to settle the whole matter. This work was completed by October 1853. The roads from the Fort crossing the “Flats,” or Foras Lands, between Malabar Hill and Parell were generally known as “the Foras Roads”; but this name seems to have passed away, and the Municipal Commissioners have superseded that general title by such names as Clerk Road, Bellasis Road, Falkland Road. One name, ‘Comattee-poora Forest Road,’ perhaps preserves the old generic title under a disguise.

Forasdars are the holders of Foras Lands. See on the whole matter Bombay Selections, No. III., New Series, 1854. The follow ing quaint quotation is from a petition of Forasdars of Mahim and other places regarding some points in the working of the Commission:

1852.—“… that the case with respect to the old and new salt batty grounds, may it please your Honble. Board to consider deeply, is totally different, because in their original state the grounds were not of the nature of other sweet waste grounds on the island, let out as foras, nor these grounds were of that state as one could saddle himself at the first undertaking thereof with leases or grants even for that smaller rent as the foras is under the denomination of foras is same other denomination to it, because the depth of these grounds at the time when sea-water was running over them was so much that they were a perfect sea-bay, admitting fishing-boats to float towards Parell.”—In Selections, as above, p. 29.

FOUJDAR, PHOUSDAR, &c., s. Properly a military commander (P. fauj, ‘a military force,’ fauj-dar, ‘one holding such a force at his disposal’), or a military governor of a district. But in India, an officer of the Moghul Government who was invested with the charge of the police, and jurisdiction in criminal matters. Also used in Bengal, in the 18th century, for a criminal judge. In the Ain, a Faujdar is in charge of several pergunnahs under the Sipah-salar, or Viceroy and C.-in-Chief of the Subah (Gladwin’s Ayeen, i. 294; [Jarrett, ii. 40]). 1683.—“The Fousdar received another Perwanna directed to him by the Nabob of Decca … forbidding any merchant whatsoever trading with any Interlopers.”— Hedges, Diary, Nov. 8; [Hak. Soc. i. 136].

[1687.—“Mullick Burcoordar Phousdardar of Hughly.”—Ibid. ii. lxv.]

1690.—“… If any Thefts or Robberies are committed in the Country, the Fousdar, another officer, is oblig’d to answer for them. …”—Ovington, 232.

1702.—“… Perwannas directed to all Foujdars.”—Wheeler, i. 405.

[1727.—“Fouzdaar.” See under HOOGLY.]

1754.—“The Phousdar of Vellore … made overtures offering to acknowledge Mahomed Ally.”—Orme, i. 372.

1757.—“Phousdar. …”—Ives, 157.

1783.—“A complaint was made that Mr. Hastings had sold the office of phousdar of Hoogly to a person called Khân Jehân Khân, on a corrupt agreement.”—11th Report on Affairs of India, in Burke, vi. 545.

1786.—“… the said phousdar (of Hoogly) had given a receipt of bribe to the patron of the city, meaning Warren Hastings, to pay him annually 36,000 rupees a year.”—Articles agst. Hastings, in Ibid. vii. 76.

1809.—“The Foojadar, being now in his capital, sent me an excellent dinner of fowls, and a pillau.”—Ld. Valentia, i. 409.


“For ease the harass’d Foujdar prays
When crowded Courts and sultry days
Exhale the noxious fume,
While poring o’er the cause he hears
The lengthened lie, and doubts and fears
The culprit's final doom.”

  By PanEris using Melati.

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