ELEPHANT-CREEPER to EYSHAM
ELK, s. The name given by sportsmen in S. India, with singular impropriety, to the great stag Rusa Aristotelis, the sambar (see SAMBRE) of Upper and W. India.
[1813.In a narrow defile a male elk (cervus alces, Lin.) of noble appearance, followed by twenty- two females, passed majestically under their platform, each as large as a common-sized horse.Forbes, Or. Mem. 2nd ed. i. 506.]
ELLORA, (though very commonly called Ellóra), n.p. Properly Elura, [Tel. elu, rule, uru, village,]
otherwise Verule, a village in the Nizams terri
tory, 7 m. from Daulatabad, which gives its name to the famous and wonderful rock-caves and temples in its vicinity, excavated in the crescent-shaped scarp of
a plateau, about 1½ m. in length. These works are Buddhist (ranging from A.D. 450 to 700), Brahminical
(c. 650 to 700), and Jain (c. 800-1000). c. 1665.On mavoit fait a Sourat grande estime des Pagodes
(and after describing them)
Quoiquil en soit, si lon considère cette quantité de Temples spacieux,
remplis de pilastres et de colonnes, et tant de milliers de figures, et le tout taillé dans le roc vif, on peut
dire avec verité que ces ouvrages surpassent la force humaine; et quau moins les gens du siècle dans
lequel ils ont été faits, nétoient pas tout-à-fait barbares.Thevenot, v. p. 222.
ELU, HELU, n.p. This is the name by which is known an ancient form of the Singhalese language from which the modern vernacular of Ceylon is immediately derived, and to which the latter bears something of the same relation that the English of today bears to Anglo-Saxon. Fundamentally Elu and Singhalese are identical, and the difference of form which they present is due partly to the large number of new grammatical forms evolved by the modern language, and partly to an immense influx into it of Sanskrit nouns, borrowed, often without alteration, at a comparatively recent period. The name Elu is no other than Sinhala much corrupted, standing for an older form, Hela or Helu, which occurs in some ancient works, and this again for a still older, Sela, which brings us back to the Pali Sîhala. (Mr. R. C. Childers, in J.R.A.S., N.S., vii. 36.) The loss of the initial sibilant has other examples in Singhalese. (See also under CEYLON.)
EMBLIC Myrobalans. See under MYROBALANS.
ENGLISH-BAZAR, n.p. This is a corruption of the name (Angrezabad = English-town) given by the natives in the 17th century to the purlieus of the factory at Malda in Bengal. Now the Head-quarters Station of Malda District.
1683.I departed from Cassumbazar with designe (God willing) to visit ye factory at Englesavad.Hedges, Diary, May 9; [Hak. Soc. i. 86; also see i. 71].
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