SALWEN to SAMBRE
SALWEN, n.p. The great river entering the sea near Martaban in British Burma, and which the Chinese
in its upper course call Lu-kiang. The Burmese form is Than-lwen, but the original form is probably
Shan. [The Salween River, which empties itself into the sea at Maulmain, rivals the Irrawaddy in length
but not in importance [(Forbes, British Burma, 8).]
SAMBOOK, s. Ar. sanbuk, and sunbuk (there is a Skt. word sambuka, a bivalve shell, but we are
unable to throw any light on any possible transfer); a kind of small vessel formerly used in Western India
and still on the Arabian coast. [See Bombay Gazetteer, xiii. Pt. ii. 470.] It is smaller than the bagala
(see BUGGALOW), and is chiefly used to communicate between a roadstead and the shore, or to go
inside the reefs. Burton renders the word a foyst, which is properly a smaller kind of galley. See description
in the last but one quotation below.
c. 330.It is the custom when a vessel arrives (at Makdashau) that the Sultans sunbuk boards her
to ask whence the ship comes, who is the owner, and the skipper (or pilot), what she is laden with, and
what merchants or other passengers are on board.Ibn Batuta, ii. 183; also see pp. 17, 181, &c.
Zambuco came loaded with doves-dung, which they have in those islands, and which they were
carrying, it being merchandize for Cambay, where it is used in dyeing cloths.Correa, Lendas, i. 3334.
In the curious Vocabulary of the language of Calicut, at the end of the Roteiro of Vasco da Gama, we
find: Barcas; Cambuco.
[1502.Zambucos. See under NACODA.]
1506.Questo Capitanio si prese
uno sambuco molto ricco, veniva dalla Mecha per Colocut.Leonardo Ca Masser, 17.
the names of their ships, some are called Sambuchi, and these are flat-bottomed.Varthema, 154.
our Captain Major, or Captain of Cochim shall give passes to secure the navigation of the ships
and zanbuqos of their ports
provided they do not carry spices or drugs that we require for our cargoes,
but if such be found, for the first occasion they shall lose all the spice and drugs so loaded, and on
the second they shall lose both ship and cargo, and all may be taken as prize of war.Treaty of Lopo
Soares with Coulão (Quilon), in Botelho, Tombo, Subsidios, p. 32.
[1516.Zambucos. See under
1518.Zambuquo. See under PROW.
1543.Item that the Zanbuquos which shall
trade in his port in rice or nele (paddy) and cottons and other matters shall pay the customary dues.Treaty
of Martin Affonso de Sousa with Coulam, in Botelho, Tombo, 37.
[1814.Sambouk. See under
1855.Our pilgrim ship
was a Sambuk of about 400 ardébs (50 tons), with narrow wedge-like
bows, a clean water-line, a sharp keel, undecked except upon the poop, which was high enough to act
as a sail in a gale of wind. We carried 2 masts, imminently raking forward, the main considerably longer
than the mizen, and the former was provided with a large triangular latine.
Burton, Pilgrimage to El
Medinah and Meccah, i. 276; [Memorial ed. i. 188].
1858.The vessels of the Arabs called Sembuk
are small Baggelows of 80 to 100 tons burden. Whilst they run out forward into a sharp prow, the after
part of the vessel is disproportionately broad and elevated above the water, in order to form a counterpoise
to the colossal triangular sail which is hoisted to the masthead with such a spread that often the extent
of the yard is greater than the whole length of the vessel.F. von Neimans, in Zeitschr. der Deutsch.
Morgenl. Gesellsch. xii. 420.
1880.The small sailing boat with one sail, which is called by the Arabs
Jámbook with which I went from Hodeida to Aden.Letter in Athenaeum, March 13, p.346.
scrambled into a sambouka crammed and stuffed with the baggage. Bent, Southern Arabia,
SAMBRE, SAMBUR, s. Hind. sabar, sambar; Skt. sambara. A kind of stag (Rusa Aristotelis, Jerdon; [Blanford,
Mammalia, 543 seqq.]) the elk of S. Indian sportsmen; ghaus of Bengal; jerrow (jarao) of the Hi
malaya; the largest of Indian stags, and found in all the large forests of India. The word is often applied to the soft
leather, somewhat resembling chamois leather, prepared from the hide.
Our usual diet was of spotted deer, Sabre, wild Hogs and sometimes wild Cows.Fryer,
[1813.Here he saw a number of deer, and four large sabirs or samboos, one considerably
bigger than an ox.
Diary, in Forbes, Or. Mem. 2nd ed. ii. 400.]
1823.The skin of the Sambre,
when well prepared, forms an excellent material for the military accoutrements of the soldiers of the
native Powers.Malcolm, Central India, i. 9.
[1900.The Sambu stags which Lord Powerscourt turned
out in his glens.
Spectator, December 15, p. 883.]