CULMUREEA to CURIA MURIA
CULMUREEA, KOORMUREEA, s. Nautical H. kalmariya, a calm, taken direct from Port. calmaria
CULSEY, s. According to the quotation a weight of about a candy (q.v.). We have traced the word,
which is rare, also in Prinseps Tables (ed. Thomas, p. 115), as a measure in Bhuj, kalsi. And we
find R. Drummond gives it: Kulsee or Culsy (Guz.). A weight of sixteen maunds (the Guzerat maunds
are about 40 Ibs., therefore kalsi=about 640 lbs.). [The word is probably Skt. kalasi, a water jar, and
hence a grain measure. The Madras Gloss. gives Can. kalasi as a measure of capacity holding 14
1813.So plentiful are mangos
that during my residence in Guzerat they were sold in the public markets
for one rupee the culsey; or 600 pounds in English weight.Forbes, Orient. Mem. i. 30; [2d. ed. i.
CUMBLY, CUMLY, CUMMUL, s. A blanket; a coarse woollen cloth. Skt. kambala, appearing in the
vernaculars in slightly varying forms, e.g. H. kamli. Our first quotation shows a curious attempt to
connect this word with the Arab. hammal, a porter (see HUMMAUL), and with the camels hair of
John Baptists raiment. The word is introduced into Portuguese as cambolim, a cloak. c. 1350.It
is customary to make of those fibres wet-weather mantles for those rustics whom they call camalls,1
whose business it is to carry burdens, and also to carry men and women on their shoulders in palankins
A garment, such as I mean, of this camall cloth (and not camel cloth) I wore till I got to Florence.
doubt the raiment of John the Baptist was of that kind. For, as regards camels hair, it is, next to silk,
the softest stuff in the world, and never could have been meant.
John Marignolli, in Cathay, 366.
wear nothing more frequently than those cambolins.Gouvea, f. 132.
[c. 1610.Of it they make
also good store of cloaks and capes, called by the Indians Mansaus, and by the Portuguese Ormus
cambalis.Pyrard de Laval, Hak. Soc. ii. 240.]
1673.Leaving off to wonder at the natives quivering
and quaking after Sunset wrapping themselves in a combly or Hair-Cloth.Fryer, 54.
which are a sort of Hair Coat made in Persia.
1718.But as a body called the Cammul-
poshes, or blanket wearers, were going to join Qhandaoran, their commander, they fell in with a body
of troops of Mahratta horse, who forbade their going further.Seir Mutaqherin, i. 143.
comley as a covering
4 fanams, 6 dubs, O cash.Prison Expenses of Hon. J. Lindsay, Lives of Lindsays,
a large black Kummul, or blanket.G. Forster, Travels, i. 194.
1800.One of the old gentlemen,
observing that I looked very hard at his cumly, was alarmed lest I should think he possessed numerous
flocks of sheep.Letter of Sir T. Munro, in Life, i. 281.
1813.Forbes has cameleens.Or. Mem. i.
195; [2d. ed. i. 108].
CUMMERBUND, s. A girdle. H. from P. kamar-band, i.e. loin-band. Such an article of dress is habitually
worn by domestic servants, peons, and irregular troops; but any waist-belt is so termed.
[1534.And tying on a cummerbund (camarabando) of yellow silk.Correa, iii. 588. Camarabandes
in Dalboquerque, Comm., Hak. Soc. iv. 104.]
1552.The Governor arriving at Goa received there a
present of a rich cloth of Persia which is called comarbãdos, being of gold and silk.Castanheda, iii.
1616.The nobleman of Xaxma sent to have a sample of gallie pottes, jugges, podingers, lookinglasses,
table bookes, chint bramport, and combarbands, with the prices.Cockss Diary, i. 147.
serrent la veste dvne ceinture, quils appellent Commerbant.Mandelslo, 223.
1648.In the middle
they have a well adjusted girdle, called a Commerbant.Van Twist, 55.
1727.They have also a
fine Turband, embroidered Shoes, and a Dagger of Value, stuck into a fine Cummerband, or Sash.A.
Hamilton, i. 229; [ed. 1744, ii. 233].
1810.They generally have the turbans and cummer-bunds
of the same colour, by way of livery.Williamson, V. M. i. 274.
[1826.My white coat was loose, for
want of a kumberbund.Pandurang Hari, ed. 1873, i. 275.]
The Punjab seems to have found
out Manchester. A meeting of native merchants at Umritsur
describes the effects of a shower of rain on
the English-made turbans and Kummerbunds as if their heads and loins were enveloped by layers of
starch.Pioneer Mail, June 17.